Index: Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

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Basic information

Name Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index
Abbreviation ARVI
Formula ( NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE ) NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE
Variables NIR = [781:1399]
Expl. of Variables y = quotient derived from the components of atmospheric reflectance in the blue and red channel (see literature, e.g. Bannari 1992, for details)
Wavelengths 420:480,640:760,781:1399
Source Original formula
Description Minimizes the effects of atmospheric scattering in comparison to the NDVI

Visualisation of required spectral range

Bands
zoom Bands

Sensors

Nr. Name Spectral Range Bands Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 AHS 428.5-13140 80 ( 20 - 10 - y ( 10 - 1 ) 10 - 1 ) 20 - 10 - y ( 10 - 1 ) 10 - 1 Automatic
2 AISA 400-2506.7 498 ( 264 - 131 - y ( 131 - 22 ) 131 - 22 ) 264 - 131 - y ( 131 - 22 ) 131 - 22 Automatic
3 ALI 433-2350 10 ( MS___5' - MS___3 - y ( MS___3 - MS___1' ) MS___3 - MS___1' ) MS___5' - MS___3 - y ( MS___3 - MS___1' ) MS___3 - MS___1' Automatic
4 ALOS 0-890 6 ( 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 ) 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 Automatic
5 ARIES-1 400-2587 105 ( 36 - 16 - y ( 16 - 3 ) 16 - 3 ) 36 - 16 - y ( 16 - 3 ) 16 - 3 Automatic
6 ASAS 400-1020 62 ( 62 - 30 - y ( 30 - 5 ) 30 - 5 ) 62 - 30 - y ( 30 - 5 ) 30 - 5 Automatic
7 AVIRIS 355.15-2515 224 ( 78 - 37 - y ( 37 - 10 ) 37 - 10 ) 78 - 37 - y ( 37 - 10 ) 37 - 10 Automatic
8 AVNIR 400-920 5 ( 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 ) 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 Automatic
9 Azimuth Systems AZ-16 0-13000 12 ( 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 1 ) 6 - 1 ) 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 1 ) 6 - 1 Automatic
10 CASI 550 400-1000 288 ( 288 - 144 - y ( 144 - 25 ) 144 - 25 ) 288 - 144 - y ( 144 - 25 ) 144 - 25 Automatic
11 CASI EG 474.7-789.5 13 ( 13 - 7 - y ( 7 - 1 ) 7 - 1 ) 13 - 7 - y ( 7 - 1 ) 7 - 1 Automatic
12 CASI spectral 391-905.5 96 ( 96 - 58 - y ( 58 - 11 ) 58 - 11 ) 96 - 58 - y ( 58 - 11 ) 58 - 11 Automatic
13 CASI-2 Vegetation 441.53-869.54 12 ( 12 - 5 - y ( 5 - 1 ) 5 - 1 ) 12 - 5 - y ( 5 - 1 ) 5 - 1 Automatic
14 CASI1500 380-1500 288 ( 183 - 83 - y ( 83 - 19 ) 83 - 19 ) 183 - 83 - y ( 83 - 19 ) 83 - 19 Automatic
15 CASI_spatial 417-806 11 ( 11 - 8 - y ( 8 - 2 ) 8 - 2 ) 11 - 8 - y ( 8 - 2 ) 8 - 2 Automatic
16 CBERS-1/CBERS-2 450-890 8 ( infrared - red - y ( red - blue ) red - blue ) infrared - red - y ( red - blue ) red - blue Automatic
17 ChrisProbaM1 406-1003 62 ( A62 - A29 - y ( A29 - A3 ) A29 - A3 ) A62 - A29 - y ( A29 - A3 ) A29 - A3 Automatic
18 ChrisProbaM2 406-1036 18 ( W18 - W14 - y ( W14 - W2 ) W14 - W2 ) W18 - W14 - y ( W14 - W2 ) W14 - W2 Automatic
19 ChrisProbaM3 438-1035 18 ( L18 - L9 - y ( L9 - L1 ) L9 - L1 ) L18 - L9 - y ( L9 - L1 ) L9 - L1 Automatic
20 ChrisProbaM3A 420-910 18 ( L18 - L10 - y ( L10 - L2 ) L10 - L2 ) L18 - L10 - y ( L10 - L2 ) L10 - L2 Automatic
21 ChrisProbaM5 438-1036 37 ( H37 - H10 - y ( H10 - H1 ) H10 - H1 ) H37 - H10 - y ( H10 - H1 ) H10 - H1 Automatic
22 Daedalus 0-13000 12 ( 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 1 ) 6 - 1 ) 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 1 ) 6 - 1 Automatic
23 DAIS-7915 400-12600 79 ( 32 - 16 - y ( 16 - 3 ) 16 - 3 ) 32 - 16 - y ( 16 - 3 ) 16 - 3 Automatic
24 Deimos-2 420-890 5 ( MS4 - MS3 - y ( MS3 - MS1 ) MS3 - MS1 ) MS4 - MS3 - y ( MS3 - MS1 ) MS3 - MS1 Automatic
25 DubaiSat-1 420-890 5 ( MS4_Near_Infrared - MS3_Red - y ( MS3_Red - MS1_Blue ) MS3_Red - MS1_Blue ) MS4_Near_Infrared - MS3_Red - y ( MS3_Red - MS1_Blue ) MS3_Red - MS1_Blue Automatic
26 EnMap 420-2450 244 ( 108 - 44 - y ( 44 - 5 ) 44 - 5 ) 108 - 44 - y ( 44 - 5 ) 44 - 5 Automatic
27 Formosat-2 450-900 5 ( B4 - B3 - y ( B3 - B1 ) B3 - B1 ) B4 - B3 - y ( B3 - B1 ) B3 - B1 Automatic
28 GeoEye-1 450-920 5 ( NIR1 - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) NIR1 - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Automatic
29 GLI 375-12500 36 ( 24 - 14 - y ( 14 - 20 ) 14 - 20 ) 24 - 14 - y ( 14 - 20 ) 14 - 20 Automatic
30 GOMOS 250-952 5 ( NIR2 - Red_phonometer - y ( Red_phonometer - UV_VIS ) Red_phonometer - UV_VIS ) NIR2 - Red_phonometer - y ( Red_phonometer - UV_VIS ) Red_phonometer - UV_VIS Automatic
31 HRSC-A 395-1015 5 ( Infrared - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) Infrared - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Automatic
32 HYDICE 400-2500 210 ( 69 - 30 - y ( 30 - 5 ) 30 - 5 ) 69 - 30 - y ( 30 - 5 ) 30 - 5 Automatic
33 HyMap 429-2493.8 126 ( 44 - 18 - y ( 18 - 2 ) 18 - 2 ) 44 - 18 - y ( 18 - 2 ) 18 - 2 Automatic
34 Hyperion 349.896-2582.28 242 ( B95 - B35 - y ( B35 - B10 ) B35 - B10 ) B95 - B35 - y ( B35 - B10 ) B35 - B10 Automatic
35 IKONOS-2 445-900 5 ( nahe_Infrarot - Rot - y ( Rot - Blau ) Rot - Blau ) nahe_Infrarot - Rot - y ( Rot - Blau ) Rot - Blau Automatic
36 IRS-1A 450-860 4 ( 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 ) 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 Automatic
37 IRS-1B 450-860 4 ( 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 ) 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 Automatic
38 IRS-P2 450-860 4 ( 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 ) 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 Automatic
39 IRS-P3 403-1650 18 ( MOS_B11 - MOS_B8 - y ( MOS_B8 - MOS_B13 ) MOS_B8 - MOS_B13 ) MOS_B11 - MOS_B8 - y ( MOS_B8 - MOS_B13 ) MOS_B8 - MOS_B13 Automatic
40 IRS-P4 402-1700 9 ( 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 2 ) 6 - 2 ) 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 2 ) 6 - 2 Automatic
41 Kompsat-2 0-900 5 ( 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 ) 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 Automatic
42 Landsat 8 435-12510 11 ( Near_Infrared - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) Near_Infrared - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Manual
43 LandsatETM+ (Landsat7) 450-12500 8 ( NIR - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) NIR - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Automatic
44 LandsatTM (Landsat4,5) 450-12500 7 ( NIR - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) NIR - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Automatic
45 MERIS 407.5-905 15 ( 15 - 9 - y ( 9 - 2 ) 9 - 2 ) 15 - 9 - y ( 9 - 2 ) 9 - 2 Automatic
46 MERSI 402-12750 20 ( 18 - 12 - y ( 12 - 7 ) 12 - 7 ) 18 - 12 - y ( 12 - 7 ) 12 - 7 Automatic
47 MMR 450-2300 7 ( 5 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 ) 5 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 Automatic
48 MODIS 405-14385 36 ( 5 - 14 - y ( 14 - 9 ) 14 - 9 ) 5 - 14 - y ( 14 - 9 ) 14 - 9 Automatic
49 MVISR 430-12200 10 ( 10 - 1 - y ( 1 - 7 ) 1 - 7 ) 10 - 1 - y ( 1 - 7 ) 1 - 7 Automatic
50 OCM-2 402-885 8 ( 8 - 7 - y ( 7 - 2 ) 7 - 2 ) 8 - 7 - y ( 7 - 2 ) 7 - 2 Automatic
51 Orbview-1 450-900 5 ( 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 ) 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 Automatic
52 Orbview-4 450-2450 200 ( 64 - 25 - y ( 25 - 1 ) 25 - 1 ) 64 - 25 - y ( 25 - 1 ) 25 - 1 Automatic
53 PHI 400-1000.35 244 ( 244 - 122 - y ( 122 - 20 ) 122 - 20 ) 244 - 122 - y ( 122 - 20 ) 122 - 20 Automatic
54 Pleiades-1 430-950 5 ( NIR1 - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue ) NIR1 - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Red - Blue Automatic
55 PROBA-V 440-1635 4 ( NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE ) NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE Automatic
56 QuickBird 450-900 5 ( near_infrared - red - y ( red - blue ) red - blue ) near_infrared - red - y ( red - blue ) red - blue Automatic
57 RapidEye 440-850 5 ( Near_Infrared - Red_edge - y ( Red_edge - Blue ) Red_edge - Blue ) Near_Infrared - Red_edge - y ( Red_edge - Blue ) Red_edge - Blue Automatic
58 Resource21 450-1650 6 ( 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 ) 4 - 3 - y ( 3 - 1 ) 3 - 1 Automatic
59 SCIAMACHY 240-2380 15 ( NIR2 - VIS2 - y ( VIS2 - PMD2_VIS ) VIS2 - PMD2_VIS ) NIR2 - VIS2 - y ( VIS2 - PMD2_VIS ) VIS2 - PMD2_VIS Automatic
60 SeaWiFS 412-905 8 ( 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 2 ) 6 - 2 ) 8 - 6 - y ( 6 - 2 ) 6 - 2 Automatic
61 Sentinel-2A 433-2280 13 ( 9 - 5 - y ( 5 - 1 ) 5 - 1 ) 9 - 5 - y ( 5 - 1 ) 5 - 1 Automatic
62 SIS 450-900 5 ( 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 ) 5 - 4 - y ( 4 - 2 ) 4 - 2 Automatic
63 SPOT 6 450-890 5 ( NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE ) NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE Automatic
64 SPOT 7 450-890 5 ( NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE ) NIR - RED - y ( RED - BLUE ) RED - BLUE Automatic
65 VENμS 400-920 12 ( 12 - 8 - y ( 8 - 2 ) 8 - 2 ) 12 - 8 - y ( 8 - 2 ) 8 - 2 Automatic
66 VIIRS 412-13350 22 ( DNB - I1 - y ( I1 - M2 ) I1 - M2 ) DNB - I1 - y ( I1 - M2 ) I1 - M2 Automatic
67 VIRR 430-12500 10 ( 2 - 1 - y ( 1 - 7 ) 1 - 7 ) 2 - 1 - y ( 1 - 7 ) 1 - 7 Automatic
68 WorldView-2 400-1040 9 ( Near_Infrared_2_Band - Red - y ( Red - Coastal_Band ) Red - Coastal_Band ) Near_Infrared_2_Band - Red - y ( Red - Coastal_Band ) Red - Coastal_Band Automatic
69 WorldView-3 400-2365 29 ( SWIR_1 - Red_Edge - y ( Red_Edge - Coastal ) Red_Edge - Coastal ) SWIR_1 - Red_Edge - y ( Red_Edge - Coastal ) Red_Edge - Coastal Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name Comment
1 Agriculture
2 Vegetation
3 Vegetation - Vitality

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
1 Bannari, A.; Morin, D.; Bonn, F.; Huete, A. R. - A review of vegetation indices 1995
2 Ehammer, Andrea; Fritsch, Sebastian; Conrad, Christopher; Lamers, John; Dech, Stefan - Statistical derivation of fPAR and LAI for irrigated cotton and rice in arid Uzbekistan by combining multi-temporal RapidEye data and ground measurements 2010
3 Gao, Bo-cai - NDWI—A normalized difference water index for remote sensing of vegetation liquid water from space 1996
4 Gitelson, A. A.; Kaufman, Y. J.; Stark, R.; Rundquist, D. - Novel algorithms for remote estimation of vegetation fraction 2002
5 Gitelson, Anatoly A. - Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index for Remote Quantification of Biophysical Characteristics of Vegetation 2004
6 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Kaufman, Yoram J.; Merzlyak, Mark N. - Use of a green channel in remote sensing of global vegetation from EOS-MODIS 1996
7 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Viña, Andrés; Arkebauer, Timothy J.; Rundquist, Donald C.; Keydan, Galina: Leavitt, Bryan - Remote estimation of leaf area index and green leaf biomass in maize canopies 2003
8 Huete, A. R.; Liu, H. Q.; Batchily, K.; van Leeuwen, W. - A comparison of vegetation indices over a global set of TM images for EOS-MODIS 1997
9 Huete, A.R.; Justice, C.; Liu, H. - Development of Vegetation and Soil Indices for MODIS- EOS 1994
10 Jacobsen, Anne; Broge, Niels H.; Hansen, Birger U. - Monitoring wheat fields and grasslands using spectral reflectance data 1995
11 Karnieli, A.; Kaufman, Y. J.; Remer, L.; Wald, A. - AFRI - aerosol free vegetation index 2001
12 Metternicht, G. - Vegetation indices derived from high-resolution airborne videography for precision crop management 2003
13 Rondeaux, Geneviève; Steven, Michael; Baret, Frédéric - Optimization of soil-adjusted vegetation indices 1996
14 Thenkabail, P. S.; Smith, R. B.; De Pauw, E. - Evaluation of narrowband and broadband vegetation indices for determining optimal hyperspectral wavebands for agricultural crop characterization 2002

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Visualisation of Sensor-Bands

Index:

Sensors:

AHS

AISA

ALI

ALOS

ARIES-1

ASAS

AVIRIS

AVNIR

Azimuth Systems AZ-16

CASI 550

CASI EG

CASI spectral

CASI-2 Vegetation

CASI1500

CASI_spatial

CBERS-1/CBERS-2

ChrisProbaM1

ChrisProbaM2

ChrisProbaM3

ChrisProbaM3A

ChrisProbaM5

Daedalus

DAIS-7915

Deimos-2

DubaiSat-1

EnMap

Formosat-2

GeoEye-1

GLI

GOMOS

HRSC-A

HYDICE

HyMap

Hyperion

IKONOS-2

IRS-1A

IRS-1B

IRS-P2

IRS-P3

IRS-P4

Kompsat-2

Landsat 8

LandsatETM+ (Landsat7)

LandsatTM (Landsat4,5)

MERIS

MERSI

MMR

MODIS

MVISR

OCM-2

Orbview-1

Orbview-4

PHI

Pleiades-1

PROBA-V

QuickBird

RapidEye

Resource21

SCIAMACHY

SeaWiFS

Sentinel-2A

SIS

SPOT 6

SPOT 7

VENμS

VIIRS

VIRR

WorldView-2

WorldView-3

List of Indices