Sensor: MERIS

MERIS

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Basic information

Name MERIS
Full Name Medium Resolution Imaging Spectrometer
Bands 15
Spectrum [nm] 407.5-905
Spat.Res. [m] 300-300
Inclination 68.5
Orbit Height 0
Orbit Type
Platform Envisat
Operator ESA
Date of Launch 0000-00-00
status
Comment 15 spectral bands, programmable in width and position, in the visible and near infra-red
Usable for Indices yes
Description

Bands/Channels

Bands
zoom Bands

Nr. Name Start WL Middle WL End WL Sp.Rg. Spat. Res. Comment
1 407.5 412.5 417.5 10 300 Yellow substance, turbidity
2 437.5 442.5 447.5 10 300 Chlorophyll absorption maximum
3 485 490 495 10 300 Chlorophyll, other pigments
4 505 510 515 10 300 Turbidity, susp. sediment, red tides
5 555 560 565 10 300 Chlorophyll reference, susp. sediment
6 615 620 625 10 300 Suspended sediment
7 660 665 670 10 300 Chlorophyll absorption
8 677.5 681.25 685 7.5 300 Chlorophyll uorescence
9 700 705 710 10 300 Atmospheric correction, red edge
10 750.5 753.75 758 7.5 300 Oxygen absorption reference
11 758.75 760 760.25 2.5 300 Oxygen absorption R-branch
12 767.5 775 782.5 15 300 Aerosols, vegetation
13 855 865 875 20 300 Aerosols corrections over ocean
14 885 890 895 10 300 Water vapour absorption reference
15 895 900 905 10 300 Water vapour absorption, vegetation

Indices

Nr. Name Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI 1.22 15 - 1.22 9 - 0.03 1.22 15 + 9 - 1.22 · 0.03 + 0.08 ( 1 + 1.222 ) Automatic
2 Ashburn Vegetation Index 2.0 15 - 7 Automatic
3 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 15 - 9 - y ( 9 - 2 ) 15 + 9 - y ( 9 - 2 ) Automatic
4 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 -0.18 + 1.17 ( 15 - 9 15 + 9 ) Automatic
5 Blue-wide dynamic range vegetation index 0.1 15 - 2 0.1 15 + 2 Automatic
6 Canopy Chlorophyll Content Index 15 - 9 15 + 9 15 - Red 15 + Red Automatic
7 Chlorophyll Green ( 12 5 ) ( -1 ) Automatic
8 Chlorophyll Index Green 15 4 - 1 Automatic
9 Chlorophyll IndexRedEdge 15 9 - 1 Automatic
10 Chlorophyll Red-Edge ( 12 9 ) ( -1 ) Automatic
11 Chlorophyll vegetation index 15 9 42 Automatic
12 Coloration Index 9 - 2 9 Automatic
13 Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index ( 9 - 4 9 + 4 ) + 0 ,5 | ( 9 - 4 9 + 4 ) + 0 ,5| · | ( ( 9 - 4 9 + 4 ) ) + 0 ,5| Automatic
14 CRI700 4 ( -1 ) - 9 ( -1 ) Automatic
15 Difference NIR/Green 15 - 4 Automatic
16 Differenced Vegetation Index MSS 2.4 15 - 7 Automatic
17 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2.5 15 - 9 ( 15 + 6 9 - 7.5 2 ) + 1 Automatic
18 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.5 15 - 9 15 + 2.4 9 + 1 Automatic
19 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.4 15 - 9 15 + 9 + 1 Automatic
20 Ferric iron, Fe3+ 7 5 Automatic
21 Global Environment Monitoring Index ( 2 ( 152 - 92 ) + 1.5 15 + 0.5 9 15 + 9 + 0.5 ( 1 - 0.25 2 ( 152 - 92 ) + 1.5 15 + 0.5 9 15 + 9 + 0.5 ) - 9 - 0.125 1 - 9 ) Automatic
22 Green atmospherically resistant vegetation index 15 - ( 4 - ( 2 - 9 ) ) 15 - ( 4 + ( 2 - 9 ) ) Automatic
23 Green leaf index 2 4 - 9 - 2 2 4 + 9 + 2 Automatic
24 Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index 15 - 5 15 + 5 Automatic
25 Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 15 - 4 15 + 4 + Y Automatic
26 Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 15 - 4 15 + 4 + L ( 1 + L ) Automatic
27 Green-Blue NDVI 15 - ( 4 + 2 ) 15 + ( 4 + 2 ) Automatic
28 Green-Red NDVI 15 - ( 4 + 9 ) 15 + ( 4 + 9 ) Automatic
29 Hue arctan ( 2 9 - 4 - 2 30.5 ( 4 - 2 ) ) Automatic
30 Ideal vegetation index 15 - b a · 9 Automatic
31 Infrared percentage vegetation index 15 15 + 9 2 ( ( 9 - 4 9 + 4 ) + 1 ) Automatic
32 Intensity ( 1 30.5 ) ( 9 + 4 + 2 ) Automatic
33 Inverse reflectance 700 9 ( -1 ) Automatic
34 Log Ratio log ( 15 9 ) Automatic
35 Maccioni 12 - 9 12 - 8 Automatic
36 mCRIG ( 4 ( -1 ) - 5 ( -1 ) ) · 15 Automatic
37 mCRIRE ( 4 ( -1 ) - 9 ( -1 ) ) · 15 Automatic
38 MERIS Terrestrial chlorophyll index 10 - 9 9 - 8 Automatic
39 Misra Green Vegetation Index -0.386 5 - 0.530 7 + 0.535 10 + 0.532 15 Automatic
40 Misra Non Such Index 0.404 5 - 0.039 7 - 0.505 10 + 0.762 15 Automatic
41 Misra Soil Brightness Index 0.406 5 + 0.600 7 + 0.645 10 + 0.243 15 Automatic
42 Misra Yellow Vegetation Index 0.723 5 - 0.597 7 + 0.206 10 - 0.278 15 Automatic
43 Modified anthocyanin reflectance index ( 5 ( -1 ) - 9 ( -1 ) ) · 15 Automatic
44 Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED ( 15 9 ) - 1 ( 15 9 ) + 1 Automatic
45 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 15 + 1 - ( 2 15 + 1 ) 2 - 8 ( 15 - 9 ) 2 Automatic
46 new Double Difference Index 2 ( 9 - 11 - 11 ) Automatic
47 Nonlinear vegetation index 152 - 9 152 + 9 Automatic
48 Norm G 4 15 + 9 + 4 Automatic
49 Norm NIR 15 15 + 9 + 4 Automatic
50 Norm R 9 15 + 9 + 4 Automatic
51 Normalized Difference 782/666 12 - 7 12 + 7 Automatic
52 Normalized Difference 900/680 15 - 8 15 + 8 Automatic
53 Normalized Difference Green/Red 4 - 9 4 + 9 Automatic
54 Normalized Difference NIR/Blue 15 - 2 15 + 2 Automatic
55 Normalized Difference NIR/Green 15 - 4 15 + 4 Automatic
56 Normalized Difference NIR/Rededge 15 - 9 15 + 9 Automatic
57 Normalized Difference Red/Green 9 - 4 9 + 4 Automatic
58 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index 690-710 15 - 9 15 + 9 Automatic
59 Pan NDVI 15 - ( 4 + 9 + 2 ) 15 + ( 4 + 9 + 2 ) Automatic
60 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A2 8 9 r680 r700 Automatic
61 Red edge 1 9 8 Automatic
62 Red edge 2 9 - 8 9 + 8 Automatic
63 Red-Blue NDVI 15 - ( 9 + 2 ) 15 + ( 9 + 2 ) Automatic
64 Red-Edge Position Linear Interpolation 708, 75 + 45 ( 7 + 12 2 ) - 9 10 - 9 Manual
65 Reflectance at the inflexion point 7 + 12 2 Automatic
66 Shape Index 2 9 - 4 - 2 4 - 2 Automatic
67 Simple Ratio 683/510 8 4 Automatic
68 Simple Ratio 700 1 9 Automatic
69 Simple Ratio 700/670 9 7 Automatic
70 Simple Ratio 710/670 9 7 Automatic
71 Simple Ratio 710/760 9 11 Automatic
72 Simple Ratio 754/704 10 9 Automatic
73 Simple Ratio 860/708 13 9 Automatic
74 Simple Ratio 900/680 15 8 Automatic
75 Simple Ratio NIR/700-715 15 9 Automatic
76 Simple Ratio NIR/G 15 4 Automatic
77 Simple Ratio NIR/RED 15 9 Automatic
78 Simple Ratio NIR/Rededge 15 9 Automatic
79 Simple Ratio Red/Blue 9 2 Automatic
80 Simple Ratio Red/Green 9 4 Automatic
81 Simple Ratio Red/NIR 9 15 Automatic
82 Single Band 495 3 Automatic
83 Single Band 555 5 Automatic
84 Single Band 660 7 Automatic
85 Single Band 670 7 Automatic
86 Single Band 680 8 Automatic
87 Single Band 700 9 Automatic
88 Single Band 703 9 Automatic
89 Single Band 705 9 Automatic
90 Single Band 885 14 Automatic
91 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 2, 5 15 - 9 1 + 15 + 6 9 - 7 , 5 2 Automatic
92 Soil Background Line 15 - 2.4 7 Automatic
93 Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2 15 9 + b a Automatic
94 SQRT(IR/R) 15 9 Automatic
95 Tasselled Cap - Green Vegetation Index MSS -0.283 5 - 0.660 7 + 0.577 10 + 0.388 15 Automatic
96 Tasselled Cap - Non Such Index MSS -0.016 5 + 0.131 7 - 0.425 10 + 0.882 15 Automatic
97 Tasselled Cap - Soil Brightness Index MSS 0.332 5 + 0.603 7 + 0.675 10 + 0.262 15 Automatic
98 Tasselled Cap - Yellow Vegetation Index MSS -0.899 5 + 0.428 7 + 0.076 10 - 0.041 15 Automatic
99 Transformed NDVI 15 - 9 15 + 9 + 0.5 Automatic
100 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index B ( 15 - B · 9 - A ) 9 + B ( 15 - A ) + X ( 1 + B2 ) Automatic
101 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 a · 15 - a · 9 - b 9 + a · 15 - a · b Automatic
102 Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( 9 - 4 9 + 4 ) ) + 0 ,5 Automatic
103 Vegetation Index 700 9 - 7 9 + 7 Automatic
104 Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index Green 5 - 7 5 + 7 - 3 Automatic
105 Visible Atmospherically Resistant Indices 700 9 - 1 , 7 7 + 0 , 7 3 9 + 2 , 3 7 - 1 , 3 3 Automatic
106 Visible Atmospherically Resistant Indices RedEdge 9 - 7 9 + 7 Automatic
107 Weighted Difference Vegetation Index 15 - a · 9 Automatic
108 Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index 0.1 15 - 9 0.1 15 + 9 Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name
1 Agriculture
2 Agriculture - Crop parameters
3 Agriculture - Precision Crop Management
4 Geology
5 Hyperspectral remote sensing - Red-edge position
6 Metal
7 Metal - Heavy metal contamination
8 Metal - Iron
9 Soil
10 Vegetation
11 Vegetation - Biomass
12 Vegetation - Cellulose
13 Vegetation - Chlorophyll
14 Vegetation - LAI
15 Vegetation - Lignin
16 Vegetation - Starch
17 Vegetation - Stress
18 Vegetation - Vitality
19 Vegetation - Water

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
1 Clevers, J. G. P. W.; De Jong, S. M.; Epema, G. F.; Van Der Meer, F. D.; Bakker, W. H.; Skidmore, A. K.; Scholte, K. H. - Derivation of the red edge index using the MERIS standard band setting 2002
2 Dash, J.; Curran, P. J. - The MERIS terrestrial chlorophyll index 2004
3 Dorigo, W. A.; Zurita-Milla, R.; de Wit, A. J. W.; Brazile, J.; Singh, R.; Schaepman, M. E. - A review on reflective remote sensing and data assimilation techniques for enhanced agroecosystem modeling 2007
4 Duveiller, Grégory; Weiss, Marie; Baret, Frédéric; Defourny, Pierre - Retrieving wheat Green Area Index during the growing season from optical time series measurements based on neural network radiative transfer inversion 2011
5 Gitelson, A. A.; Kaufman, Y. J.; Stark, R.; Rundquist, D. - Novel algorithms for remote estimation of vegetation fraction 2002
6 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Merzlyak, Mark N.; Zur, Y.; Stark, R.; Gritz, U. - Non-destructive and remote sensing techniques for estimation of vegetation status 2001
7 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Vińa, Andrés; Arkebauer, Timothy J.; Rundquist, Donald C.; Keydan, Galina: Leavitt, Bryan - Remote estimation of leaf area index and green leaf biomass in maize canopies 2003
8 Gobron, N.; Pinty, B.; Verstraete, M. M.; Widlowski, J. L. - Advanced vegetation indices optimized for up-coming sensors: Design, performance, and applications 2000
9 Herrmann, I.; Pimstein, A.; Karnieli, A.; Cohen, Y.; Alchanatis, V.; Bonfil, D. J. - LAI assessment of wheat and potato crops by VENµS and Sentinel-2 bands 2011
10 Hüttich, Christian; Gessner, Ursula; Herold, Martin; Strohbach, Ben; Schmidt, Michael; Keil, Manfred; Dech, Stefan - On the Suitability of MODIS Time Series Metrics to Map Vegetation Types in Dry Savanna Ecosystems: A Case Study in the Kalahari of NE Namibia 2009
11 Richter, K.; Atzberger, C.; Vuolo, F.; Weihs, P.; D’Urso, G. - Experimental assessment of the Sentinel-2 band setting for RTM-based LAI retrieval of sugar beet and maize 2009
12 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Miller J.R. - Land Cover Mapping at BOREAS using red edge spectral parameters from CASI imagery 1999
13 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. - REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS FOR DETECTING STRESS CONDITION AND LAND COVER CHANGES 2007
14 Zarco-Tejada, P. J.; Miller, J. R.; Noland, T. L.; Mohammed, G. H.; Sampson, P. H. - Scaling-up and model inversion methods with narrow-band optical indices for chlorophyll content estimation in closed forest canopies with hyperspectral data 2001

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Visualisation of Indices

Sensor:

Indices:

Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI

Ashburn Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Blue-wide dynamic range vegetation index

Canopy Chlorophyll Content Index

Chlorophyll Green

Chlorophyll Index Green

Chlorophyll IndexRedEdge

Chlorophyll Red-Edge

Chlorophyll vegetation index

Coloration Index

Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index

CRI700

Difference NIR/Green

Differenced Vegetation Index MSS

Enhanced Vegetation Index

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Ferric iron, Fe3+

Global Environment Monitoring Index

Green atmospherically resistant vegetation index

Green leaf index

Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green-Blue NDVI

Green-Red NDVI

Hue

Ideal vegetation index

Infrared percentage vegetation index

Intensity

Inverse reflectance 700

Log Ratio

Maccioni

mCRIG

mCRIRE

MERIS Terrestrial chlorophyll index

Misra Green Vegetation Index

Misra Non Such Index

Misra Soil Brightness Index

Misra Yellow Vegetation Index

Modified anthocyanin reflectance index

Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

new Double Difference Index

Nonlinear vegetation index

Norm G

Norm NIR

Norm R

Normalized Difference 782/666

Normalized Difference 900/680

Normalized Difference Green/Red

Normalized Difference NIR/Blue

Normalized Difference NIR/Green

Normalized Difference NIR/Rededge

Normalized Difference Red/Green

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index 690-710

Pan NDVI

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A2

Red edge 1

Red edge 2

Red-Blue NDVI

Red-Edge Position Linear Interpolation

Reflectance at the inflexion point

Shape Index

Simple Ratio 683/510

Simple Ratio 700

Simple Ratio 700/670

Simple Ratio 710/670

Simple Ratio 710/760

Simple Ratio 754/704

Simple Ratio 860/708

Simple Ratio 900/680

Simple Ratio NIR/700-715

Simple Ratio NIR/G

Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Simple Ratio NIR/Rededge

Simple Ratio Red/Blue

Simple Ratio Red/Green

Simple Ratio Red/NIR

Single Band 495

Single Band 555

Single Band 660

Single Band 670

Single Band 680

Single Band 700

Single Band 703

Single Band 705

Single Band 885

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Soil Background Line

Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2

SQRT(IR/R)

Tasselled Cap - Green Vegetation Index MSS

Tasselled Cap - Non Such Index MSS

Tasselled Cap - Soil Brightness Index MSS

Tasselled Cap - Yellow Vegetation Index MSS

Transformed NDVI

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2

Transformed Vegetation Index

Vegetation Index 700

Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index Green

Visible Atmospherically Resistant Indices 700

Visible Atmospherically Resistant Indices RedEdge

Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index

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