Application: Vegetation Chlorophyll

Vegetation Chlorophyll

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Basic information

Name Vegetation
Specific Name Chlorophyll
Description

Indices

Nr. Name Formula Variables Comment
1 Simple Ratio 695/760 695nm 760nm
2 Simple Ratio NIR/RED NIR RED
3 Simple Ratio 554/677 554nm 677nm
4 Simple Ratio 683/510 683nm 510nm
5 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index ( ( 700nm - 670nm ) - 0.2 ( 700nm - 550nm ) ) ( 700nm 670nm )
6 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1 1.2 ( 2.5 ( 800nm - 670nm ) - 1.3 ( 800nm - 550nm ) )
7 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 2 ( 1.5 2.5 ( 800nm - 670nm ) - 1.3 ( 800nm - 550nm ) ( 2 800nm + 1 ) 2 - ( 6 800nm - 5 670nm ) - 0.5 )
8 Normalized Difference 415/435 415nm - 435nm 415nm + 435nm
9 Normalized Difference 680/430 680nm - 430nm 680nm + 430nm
10 Normalized Difference 531/570 531nm - 570nm 531nm + 570nm
11 Normalized Difference 528/587 528nm - 567nm 528nm + 567nm
12 Normalized Difference 570/531 570nm - 531nm 570nm + 531nm
13 Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index 800nm - 670nm 800nm + 670nm
14 Simple Ratio Pigment Index 430nm 680nm
15 Structure Intensive Pigment Index 1 800nm - 445nm 800nm - 680nm
16 Transformed Chlorophyll Absorbtion Ratio 3 ( ( 700nm - 670nm ) - 0.2 ( 700nm - 550nm ) ( 700nm 670nm ) )
17 Triangular Vegetation Index 0.5 ( 120 ( 750nm - 550nm ) - 200 ( 670nm - 550nm ) )
18 Simple Ratio 740/720 hyper 740nm 720nm
19 Modified Normalised Difference 734/747/715/726 734nm - 747nm 715nm + 726nm
20 Simple Ratio 715/705 715nm 705nm
21 Leaf Chlorophyll Index [850] - [710] [850] + [680]
22 Simple Ratio 800/550 800nm 550nm
23 Chlorophyll Index Green NIR GREEN - 1
24 Chlorophyll IndexRedEdge NIR rededge - 1
25 Red-Edge Inflection Point 1 700 + 40 ( ( 670nm + 780nm 2 ) - 700nm 740nm - 700nm )
26 Red-Edge Inflection Point 2 702 + 40 ( ( 667nm + 782nm 2 ) - 702nm 742nm - 702nm )
27 Red-Edge Inflection Point 3 705 + 35 ( ( 665nm + 783nm 2 ) - 705nm 740nm - 705nm )
28 Single Band 703 703nm
29 Single Band 720 720nm
30 Chlorophyll Absorption Ratio Index ( 700nm 670nm ) ( a · 670 + 670nm + b ) 2 ( a2 + 1 ) 0.5 b=(550nm-((700nm-550nm)/150*550)), a=(700nm-550nm)/150
31 Datt1 850nm - 710nm 850nm - 680nm
32 Simple Ratio 754/704 754nm 704nm
33 Datt4 672nm 550nm · 708nm
34 Simple Ratio 672/550 672nm 550nm
35 Datt6 860nm 550nm · 708nm
36 Double Difference Index ( 749nm - 720nm ) - ( 701nm - 672nm )
37 Double Peak Index 688nm + 710nm 697nm2
38 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption Ratio Index 705,750 ( ( 750nm - 705nm ) - 0.2 ( 750nm - 550nm ) ) ( 750nm 705 )
39 Maccioni 780nm - 710nm 780nm - 680nm
40 MERIS Terrestrial chlorophyll index 754nm - 709nm 709nm - 681nm
41 Normalized Difference 750/705 750nm - 705nm 750nm + 705nm
42 Simple Ratio 800/680 800nm 680nm
43 Simple Ratio 750/700 750nm 700nm
44 Simple Ratio 750/550 750nm 550nm
45 Simple Ratio 700/670 700nm 670nm
46 Simple Ratio 675/700 675nm 700nm
47 Simple Ratio 750/710 750nm 710nm
48 Simple Ratio 440/690 440nm 690nm
49 Transformed Chlorophyll Absorbtion Ratio 2 3 ( ( 750nm - 705nm ) - 0 , 2 ( 750nm - 550nm ) ( 750nm 705nm ) )
50 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption Ratio Index 710 ( ( 750nm - 710nm ) - 0.2 ( 750nm - 550nm ) ) ( 750nm 710 )
51 Chlorophyll Index RedEdge 710 750nm 710nm - 1
52 MCARI/MTVI2 ( ( 700nm - 670nm ) - 0.2 ( 700nm - 550nm ) ) ( 700nm 670nm ) ( 1.5 1.2 ( 800nm - 550nm ) - 2.5 ( 670nm - 550nm ) ( 2 800nm + 1 ) 2 - ( 6 800nm - 5 670nm ) - 0.5 )
53 Ratio 675/700/650 675nm 700nm · 650nm
54 Canopy Chlorophyll Content Index NIR - rededge NIR + rededge NIR - Red NIR + Red
55 Simple Ratio 800/500 800nm 500nm
56 Simple Ratio 1250/1050 1250nm 1050nm
57 Chlorophyll Absorption Ratio Index 2 ( | ( a · [670] + [670] + b ) | ( a2 + 1 ) 0.5 ) ( [700] [670] ) a=([700]-[550])/150, b=[550]-(a*[550])
58 Chlorophyll Green ( [760:800] [540:560] ) ( -1 )
59 Chlorophyll Red-Edge ( [760:800] [690:720] ) ( -1 )
60 Normalized Difference 800/680 800nm - 680nm 800nm + 680nm
61 Modified Simple Ratio 705/445 750nm - 445nm 705nm - 445nm
62 Modified Normalised Difference 750/705 750nm - 705nm 750nm + 705nm - 2 445nm
63 Simple Ratio 800/635 800nm 635nm
64 Simple Ratio 695/420 695nm 420nm
65 Simple Ratio 800/675 800nm 675nm
66 Simple Ratio 800/650 800nm 650nm
67 Normalized Difference 800/675 800nm - 675nm 800nm + 675nm
68 Normalized Difference 800/650 800nm - 650nm 800nm + 650nm
69 Normalized Difference 800/500 800nm - 500nm 800nm + 500nm
70 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A1 675nm 700nm r675 r700
71 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra B1 675nm 650nm · 700nm r650 r700 r675
72 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C1 760nm 500nm r760 r500
73 Structure Intensive Pigment Index 2 800nm - 505nm 800nm - 690nm
74 Structure Intensive Pigment Index 3 800nm - 470nm 800nm - 680nm
75 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C2 760nm 470nm r760 r470
76 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C3 800nm 500nm r800 r500
77 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C4 800nm 470nm r800 r470
78 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra B2 680nm 635nm · 700nm r635 r700 r680
79 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra B3 675nm 650nm · 800nm r650 r800 r675
80 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra B4 680nm 635nm · 800nm r635 r800 r680
81 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A2 680nm 700nm r680 r700
82 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3 675nm 800nm r670 r800
83 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4 680nm 800nm r680 r800
84 Simple Ratio 800/470 800nm 470nm
85 Normalized Difference 800/635 800nm - 635nm 800nm - 635nm
86 Normalized Difference 800/470 800nm - 470nm 800nm + 470nm
87 Single Band 680 680nm
88 Single Band 635 635nm
89 Single Band 470 470nm
90 Single Band 550 550nm
91 Simple Ratio 740/720 [734:747] [715:726]
92 Modified Normalized Difference 734/747/715/720 734nm - 747nm 715nm - 720nm
93 Simple Ratio 750/555 750nm 555nm
94 Green leaf index 2 GREEN - RED - BLUE 2 GREEN + RED + BLUE
95 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1510 ( ( 700nm - 1510nm ) - 0.2 ( 700nm - 550nm ) ) ( 700nm 1510nm )
96 Chlorophyll vegetation index NIR RED GREEN2
97 Triangular chlorophyll index 1.2 ( 700nm - 550nm ) - 1.5 ( 670nm - 550nm ) · 700nm 670nm
98 Simple Ratio 550/800 550nm 800nm
99 Difference 800/550 800nm - 550nm
100 Normalized Difference 780/550 780nm - 550nm 780nm + 550nm
101 Normalized Difference NIR/Green NIR - GREEN NIR + GREEN
102 Simple Ratio 700 1 700nm
103 Difference 800/680 800nm - 680nm
104 Simple Ratio 430/680 430nm 680nm
105 Simple Ratio 715/705 [710:720] [700:710]
106 Simple Ratio 735/710 735nm [700:710]
107 Normalized Difference 925/710 925nm−710nm 925nm + 710nm
108 Simple Ratio 706/750 706nm 750nm
109 Single Band 430 430nm
110 Single Band 460 460nm
111 Single Band 640 640nm
112 Single Band 660 660nm

Sensors

Nr. Name Spectral Range Bands
1 ChrisProbaM1 406-1003 62
2 ChrisProbaM5 438-1036 37
3 LandsatMSS (Landsat1-3) 500-1100 4
4 RapidEye 440-850 5
5 HyMap 429-2493.8 126
6 IKONOS-2 445-900 5
7 EnMap 420-2450 244
8 AVIRIS 355.15-2515 224
9 Orbview-4 450-2450 200
10 Hyperion 349.896-2582.28 242
11 WorldView-2 400-1040 9
12 MERSI 402-12750 20
13 SEVIRI 560-14400 12
14 VIIRS 412-13350 22
15 MSU-MR 500-12500 6
16 DubaiSat-1 420-890 5
17 Resurs-DK1 500-800 4
18 AISA 400-2506.7 498
19 DAIS-7915 400-12600 79
20 HYDICE 400-2500 210
21 AHS 428.5-13140 80
22 GOMOS 250-952 5
23 CASI 550 400-1000 288
24 ARIES-1 400-2587 105
25 ASAS 400-1020 62
26 Pleiades-1 430-950 5
27 PHI 400-1000.35 244
28 CASI spectral 391-905.5 96
29 CASI EG 474.7-789.5 13
30 Daedalus 0-13000 12
31 AVIS 550-994 74
32 Azimuth Systems AZ-16 0-13000 12
33 Deimos-2 420-890 5
34 ChrisProbaM2 406-1036 18
35 ChrisProbaM3 438-1035 18
36 ChrisProbaM4 486-796 18
37 LandsatTM (Landsat4,5) 450-12500 7
38 LandsatETM+ (Landsat7) 450-12500 8
39 ASTER 520-11650 15
40 AVHRR 580-12500 6
41 MODIS 405-14385 36
42 QuickBird 450-900 5
43 SPOT 1-3 500-890 4
44 MERIS 407.5-905 15
45 Kompsat-2 0-900 5
46 GeoEye-1 450-920 5
47 Orbview-1 450-900 5
48 HRSC-A 395-1015 5
49 ChrisProbaM3A 420-910 18
50 ALI 433-2350 10
51 SPOT 4 500-1750 5
52 SPOT 5 480-1750 5
53 Formosat-2 450-900 5
54 ALOS 0-890 6
55 CBERS-1/CBERS-2 450-890 8
56 WorldView-3 400-2365 29
57 SeaWiFS 412-905 8
58 MVISR 430-12200 10
59 VIRR 430-12500 10
60 OCM-2 402-885 8
61 UK-DMC 2 520-900 3
62 Monitor-E 510-900 4
63 CASI_spatial 417-806 11
64 IRS-1D 500-1700 5
65 IRS-1C 500-1700 5
66 Sentinel-2A 433-2280 13
67 VENμS 400-920 12
68 MIPAS 685-2410 5
69 SCIAMACHY 240-2380 15
70 CASI1500 380-1500 288
71 GLI 375-12500 36
72 INSAT-2E 550-12500 6
73 IRS-1A 450-860 4
74 IRS-P2 450-860 4
75 IRS-P3 403-1650 18
76 IRS-1B 450-860 4
77 IRS-P4 402-1700 9
78 MMR 450-2300 7
79 AVNIR 400-920 5
80 Early Bird 450-890 4
81 SIS 450-900 5
82 Resource21 450-1650 6
83 CASI-2 Vegetation 441.53-869.54 12
84 Landsat 8 435-12510 11
85 PROBA-V 440-1635 4
86 SPOT 6 450-890 5
87 SPOT 7 450-890 5
88 CZCS 433-12500 6
89 POLDER 2 443-910 2
90 VISSR 500-12500 3
91 EROS A 500-900 1
92 EROS B 500-900 1
93 AAHIS 390-840 1
94 Borstad CASI 0-946 15
95 GOSAT 700-13200 4
96 Cartosat-2 500-850 1
97 Cartosat-2A 500-850 1
98 Cartosat-2B 500-850 1
99 WIS 0-1000 64
100 MISR 0-880 4
101 POLDER 0-960 8
102 TIMS 0-12200 8
103 SASI600 950-2450 100

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
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7 Buschmann, Claus - Fernerkundung von Pflanzen - Ausbreitung, Gesundheitszustand und Produktivitfit 1993
8 Carter, Gregory A.; Cibula, William G.; Miller, Richard L. - Narrow-band Reflectance Imagery Compared with ThermalImagery for Early Detection of Plant Stress 1996
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13 Curran, Paul J. - Remote sensing of foliar chemistry 1989
14 Curran, Paul J.; Windham, W. Robert; Gholz, Henry L. - Exploring the relationship between reflectance red edge and chlorophyll concentration in slash pine leaves 1995
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17 Daughtry, C. S. T.; Walthall, C. L.; Kim, M. S.; de Colstoun, E. Brown; McMurtrey Iii, J. E. - Estimating Corn Leaf Chlorophyll Concentration from Leaf and Canopy Reflectance 2000
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22 Gamon, J. A.; Surfus, J. S. - Assessing leaf pigment content and activity with a reflectometer 1999
23 Gitelson, A. A.; Merzlyak, M. N. - Remote estimation of chlorophyll content in higher plant leaves 1997
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25 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Kaufman, Yoram J.; Merzlyak, Mark N. - Use of a green channel in remote sensing of global vegetation from EOS-MODIS 1996
26 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Merzlyak, Mark N.; Lichtenthaler, Hartmut K. - Detection of Red Edge Position and Chlorophyll Content by Reflectance Measurements Near 700 nm 1996
27 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Merzlyak, Mark N.; Zur, Y.; Stark, R.; Gritz, U. - Non-destructive and remote sensing techniques for estimation of vegetation status 2001
28 Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Viña, Andrés; Arkebauer, Timothy J.; Rundquist, Donald C.; Keydan, Galina: Leavitt, Bryan - Remote estimation of leaf area index and green leaf biomass in maize canopies 2003
29 Gitelson, Anatoly; Merzlyak, Mark N. - Quantitative estimation of chlorophyll-a using reflectance spectra: Experiments with autumn chestnut and maple leaves 1994
30 Glenn, E. P.; Nagler, P. L.; Huete, A. R. - Vegetation Index Methods for Estimating Evapotranspiration by Remote Sensing 2010
31 Gobron, N.; Pinty, B.; Verstraete, M. M.; Widlowski, J. L. - Advanced vegetation indices optimized for up-coming sensors: Design, performance, and applications 2000
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34 Haboudane, Driss; Miller, John R.; Pattey, Elizabeth; Zarco-Tejada, Pablo J.; Strachan, Ian B. - Hyperspectral vegetation indices and novel algorithms for predicting green LAI of crop canopies: Modeling and validation in the context of precision agriculture 2004
35 Haboudane, Driss; Miller, John R.; Tremblay, Nicolas; Zarco-Tejada, Pablo J.; Dextraze, Louise - Integrated narrow-band vegetation indices for prediction of crop chlorophyll content for application to precision agriculture 2002
36 Hancock, D. W.; Dougherty, C. T. - Relationships between blue- and red-based vegetation indices and leaf area and yield of alfalfa 2007
37 He, Y.; Guo, X.; Wilmshurst, J. - Comparison of different methods for measuring leaf area index in a mixed grassland 2007
38 Hecker, Jeanna Hyde - Investigation of the Relationship between Chlorophyll Concentration and High Spectral Resolution Data of Phragmites australis in Heavy Metal Contaminated Sites 2003
39 Huete, A.; Didan, K.; Miura, T.; Rodriguez, E. P.; Gao, X.; Ferreira, L. G. - Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices 2002
40 Hunt Jr., E. Raymond; Daughtry, C. S. T.; Eitel, Jan U. H.; Long, D. S. - Remote Sensing Leaf Chlorophyll Content Using a Visible Band Index 2011
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44 Maccioni, Andrea; Agati, Giovanni; Mazzinghi, Piero - New vegetation indices for remote measurement of chlorophylls based on leaf directional reflectance spectra 2001
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46 Merzlyak, M. N.; Gitelson, A. A.; Chivkunova, O. B.; Solovchenko, A. E.; Pogosyan, S. I. - Application of Reflectance Spectroscopy for Analysis of Higher Plant Pigments 2003
47 Merzlyak, Mark N.; Gitelson, Anatoly A.; Chivkunova, Olga B.; Rakitin, Victor Y. U. - Non-destructive optical detection of pigment changes during leaf senescence and fruit ripening 1999
48 Penuelas J., Baret F., Filella I. - Semi-empirical indices to assess carotenoids/chlorophyll a ratio from leaf spectral reflectance 1995
49 Peñuelas, J.; Filella, I. - Visible and near-infrared reflectance techniques for diagnosing plant physiological status 1998
50 Peñuelas, Josep; Gamon, John A.; Griffin, Kevin L.; Field, Christopher B. - Assessing community type, plant biomass, pigment composition, and photosynthetic efficiency of aquatic vegetation from spectral reflectance 1993
51 Pinter, P. J.; Hatfield, J. L.; Schepers, J. S.; Barnes, E. M.; Moran, M. S.; Daughtry, C. S. T.; Upchurch, D. R. - Remote sensing for crop management 2003
52 Richardson, Andrew D.; Duigan, Shane P.; Berlyn, Graeme P. - An evaluation of noninvasive methods to estimate foliar chlorophyll content 2002
53 Serrano, Lydia; Filella, Iolanda; Peñuelas, Josep - Remote Sensing of Biomass and Yield of Winter Wheat under Different Nitrogen Supplies 2000
54 Sims, Daniel A.; Gamon, John A. - Relationships between leaf pigment content and spectral reflectance across a wide range of species, leaf structures and developmental stages 2002
55 Strachan, Ian B.; Pattey, Elizabeth; Boisvert, Johanne B. - Impact of nitrogen and environmental conditions on corn as detected by hyperspectral reflectance 2002
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58 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. - REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS FOR DETECTING STRESS CONDITION AND LAND COVER CHANGES 2007
59 Zarco-Tejada, P. J.; Miller, J. R.; Noland, T. L.; Mohammed, G. H.; Sampson, P. H. - Scaling-up and model inversion methods with narrow-band optical indices for chlorophyll content estimation in closed forest canopies with hyperspectral data 2001

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