Sensor: AVHRR

AVHRR

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Basic information

Name AVHRR
Full Name Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer
Bands 6
Spectrum [nm] 580-12500
Spat.Res. [m] 1100-1100
Inclination 0
Orbit Height 0
Orbit Type
Platform TIROS-N / NOAA / METOP
Operator NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration)
Date of Launch 1978-10-13
status
Comment NOAA-N (NOAA-18): Date of launch: 20 May 2005 NOAA-19: Date of launch: 6 Feb 2009
Usable for Indices yes
Description

Bands/Channels

Bands
zoom Bands

Nr. Name Start WL Middle WL End WL Sp.Rg. Spat. Res. Comment
1 1 580 630 680 100 1100 Daytime cloud/surface mapping
2 2 725 912.5 1100 375 1100 Surface water delineation, ice and snow melt
3 3A 1580 1610 1640 60 1100 Snow / ice discrimination (NOAA K,L,M)
4 3 (or 3B) 3550 3740 3930 380 1100 Sea surface temperature, nighttime cloud mapping
5 4 10300 10800 11300 1000 1100 Sea surface temperature, day and night cloud mapping
6 5 11500 12000 12500 1000 1100 Sea surface temperature, day and night cloud mapping

Indices

Nr. Name Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI 1.22 ( 2 - 1.22 1 - 0.03 ) 2 - 1.22 1 - 0.03 Automatic
2 Aerosol free vegetation index 1600 ( 2 - 0.66 3A 2 + 0.66 3A + 0.66 3A ) 2 - 0.66 3A 2 + 0.66 3A + 0.66 3A Automatic
3 Ashburn Vegetation Index 2.0 2 - 1 Automatic
4 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 -0.18 + 1.17 ( ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 ) ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
5 Difference 800/680 2 - 1 Automatic
6 Difference 833/658 2 - 1 Automatic
7 Differenced Vegetation Index MSS 2.4 2 - 1 Automatic
8 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.5 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
9 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.4 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
10 Ferric Oxides 3A 2 Automatic
11 Global Environment Monitoring Index ( ( 2 ( 22 - 12 ) 22 - 12 ) 2 · ( 22 - 12 ) 22 - 12 ) ( 2 ( 22 - 12 ) 22 - 12 ) 2 · ( 22 - 12 ) 22 - 12 Automatic
12 Global Vegetation Moisture Index ( ( 2 + 0.1 ) 2 + 0.1 ) ( 2 + 0.1 ) 2 + 0.1 Automatic
13 Gossan 3A 1 Automatic
14 Ideal vegetation index ( 2 - b ) 2 - b Automatic
15 Leaf Water Content Index log ( 1 - ( 2 - MIDIR ) 2 - MIDIR ) - ( 2 - MIDIR ) 2 - MIDIR Automatic
16 Log Ratio log ( 2 1 ) 1 Automatic
17 Mid-infrared vegetation index 2 3A Automatic
18 Modified Simple Ratio 670,800 2 1 - 1 1 - 1 Automatic
19 Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED 2 1 1 1 Automatic
20 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 2 2 + 1 - ( 2 2 + 1 ) 2 · 2 + 1 · 2 + 1 ) 2 · 2 + 1 - ( 2 2 + 1 ) 2 · 2 + 1 · 2 + 1 Automatic
21 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper ( 0.5 ) 0.5 Automatic
22 Nonlinear vegetation index ( 22 - 1 ) 22 - 1 Automatic
23 Normalized Difference 750/650 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
24 Normalized Difference 750/660 ( 750–660 ) 750–660 Automatic
25 Normalized Difference 750/680 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
26 Normalized Difference 774/677 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
27 Normalized Difference 782/666 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
28 Normalized Difference 790/670 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
29 Normalized Difference 800/635 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
30 Normalized Difference 800/650 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
31 Normalized Difference 800/675 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
32 Normalized Difference 800/680 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
33 Normalized Difference 819/1600 ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
34 Normalized Difference 820/1600 ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
35 Normalized Difference 827/668 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
36 Normalized Difference 833/658 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
37 Normalized Difference 860/1640 ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
38 Normalized Difference 895/675 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
39 Normalized Difference 900/680 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
40 Normalized Difference MIR/NIR ( 3A - 2 ) 3A - 2 Automatic
41 Normalized Difference NIR/MIR ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
42 Normalized Difference NIR/Red ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
43 Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
44 Normalized Difference Rededge/Red ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
45 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
46 Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 1 + 0.16 ) 1 + 0.16 Automatic
47 Perpendicular Vegetation Index 1 a2 + 1 2 + 1 a2 + 1 2 + 1 Automatic
48 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3 1 2 2 Automatic
49 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4 1 2 2 Automatic
50 RDVI ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
51 RDVI2 ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
52 Reduced Simple Ratio 2 1 · MIRmax - 3A MIRmax - MIRmin Automatic
53 Reflectance at the inflexion point ( 1 + 2 ) 1 + 2 Automatic
54 Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
55 SAVImir ( 2 - 3A ) 2 - 3A Automatic
56 Simple Ratio 1599/819 3A 2 Automatic
57 Simple Ratio 1600/820 3A 2 Automatic
58 Simple Ratio 605/760 1 2 Automatic
59 Simple Ratio 678/750 1 2 Automatic
60 Simple Ratio 774/677 2 1 Automatic
61 Simple Ratio 800/600 2 1 Automatic
62 Simple Ratio 800/635 2 1 Automatic
63 Simple Ratio 800/650 2 1 Automatic
64 Simple Ratio 800/670 2 1 Automatic
65 Simple Ratio 800/675 2 1 Automatic
66 Simple Ratio 800/680 2 1 Automatic
67 Simple Ratio 801/670 2 1 Automatic
68 Simple Ratio 833/658 2 1 Automatic
69 Simple Ratio 900/680 2 1 Automatic
70 Simple Ratio MIR/NIR 3A 2 Automatic
71 Simple Ratio MIR/Red 3A 1 Automatic
72 Simple Ratio MIR/SWIR 3A 3A Automatic
73 Simple Ratio NIR/MIR 2 3A Automatic
74 Simple Ratio NIR/RED 2 1 Automatic
75 Simple Ratio Red/NIR 1 2 Automatic
76 Simple Ratio Rededge/Red 2 1 Automatic
77 Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR SWIRI 2 Automatic
78 Single Band 1020 2 Automatic
79 Single Band 1040 2 Automatic
80 Single Band 1580 3A Automatic
81 Single Band 635 1 Automatic
82 Single Band 640 1 Automatic
83 Single Band 655 1 Automatic
84 Single Band 660 1 Automatic
85 Single Band 670 1 Automatic
86 Single Band 675 1 Automatic
87 Single Band 680 1 Automatic
88 Single Band 735 2 Automatic
89 Single Band 801 2 Automatic
90 Single Band 850 2 Automatic
91 Single Band 885 2 Automatic
92 Single Band 910 2 Automatic
93 Single Band 930 2 Automatic
94 Single Band 970 2 Automatic
95 Single Band 990 2 Automatic
96 Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 Automatic
97 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index ( 1 + L ) 1 + L Automatic
98 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3 ( 1 + 0 ,5 ) 1 + 0 ,5 Automatic
99 Soil Background Line 2 - 2.4 1 Automatic
100 Soil Composition Index ( 3A - 2 ) 3A - 2 Automatic
101 Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2 2 1 + b a + b a Automatic
102 Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index 2 1 + 3A + 3A Automatic
103 SQRT(IR/R) 2 1 1 Automatic
104 Transformed NDVI ( 2 - 1 ) 2 - 1 - 1 Automatic
105 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( B ( 2 - B · 1 - A ) 2 - B · 1 - A ) B ( 2 - B · 1 - A ) 2 - B · 1 - A Automatic
106 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 ( a · 2 - a · 1 - b ) a · 2 - a · 1 - b Automatic
107 Weighted Difference Vegetation Index 2 - a · 1 Automatic
108 Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index ( 0.1 2 - 1 ) 0.1 · 2 - 1 Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name
1 Agriculture
2 Agriculture - Crop parameters
3 Agriculture - Crop yield
4 Agriculture - Land management
5 Agriculture - Precision Crop Management
6 Fire
7 Forestry
8 Forestry - Boreal
9 Geology
10 Hyperspectral remote sensing - Red-edge position
11 Metal
12 Metal - Iron
13 Oil
14 Soil
15 Vegetation
16 Vegetation - Biomass
17 Vegetation - Cellulose
18 Vegetation - Chlorophyll
19 Vegetation - LAI
20 Vegetation - Lignin
21 Vegetation - PAR
22 Vegetation - Protein
23 Vegetation - Starch
24 Vegetation - Stress
25 Vegetation - Sugar
26 Vegetation - Vitality
27 Vegetation - Water
28 Vegetation - Water stress

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
1 Baret, F.; Guyot, G.; Major, D. J. - Crop biomass evaluation using radiometric measurements 1989
2 Bastiaanssen, Wim G. M.; Molden, David J.; Makin, Ian W. - Remote sensing for irrigated agriculture: examples from research and possible applications 2000
3 Becker-Reshef, I.; Vermote, E.; Lindeman, M.; Justice, C. - A generalized regression-based model for forecasting winter wheat yields in Kansas and Ukraine using MODIS data 2010
4 Brown, Daniel G.; Duh, Jiunn-Der; Drzyzga, Scott A. - Estimating Error in an Analysis of Forest Fragmentation Change Using North American Landscape Characterization (NALC) Data 2000
5 Brunn, A.; Busch, W.; Dittmann, C.; Fischer, C.; Vosen, P. - Monitoring Mining Induced Plant Alteration and Change Detection in a German Coal Mining Area using Airborne Hyperspectral Imagery 2003
6 Ceccato, Pietro; Flasse, Stéphane; Tarantola, Stefano; Jacquemoud, Stéphane; Grégoire, Jean-Marie - Detecting vegetation leaf water content using reflectance in the optical domain 2001
7 Dorigo, W. A.; Zurita-Milla, R.; de Wit, A. J. W.; Brazile, J.; Singh, R.; Schaepman, M. E. - A review on reflective remote sensing and data assimilation techniques for enhanced agroecosystem modeling 2007
8 Duveiller, Grégory; Weiss, Marie; Baret, Frédéric; Defourny, Pierre - Retrieving wheat Green Area Index during the growing season from optical time series measurements based on neural network radiative transfer inversion 2011
9 Ferencz, C.; Bognar, P.; Lichtenberger, J.; Hamar, D.; Tarscai, G.; Timar, G.; Molnar, G.; Pasztor, S.; Steinbach, P.; Szekely, B.; Ferencz, O. E.; Ferencz-Arkos, I. - Crop yield estimation by satellite remote sensing 2004
10 Galvão, L. S.; Formaggio, A. R.; Tisot, D. A. - The influence of spectral resolution on discriminating Brazilian sugarcane varieties 2006
11 Gamon, J. A.; Peñuelas, J.; Field, C. B. - A narrow-waveband spectral index that tracks diurnal changes in photosynthetic efficiency 1992
12 Gitelson, Anatoly A. - Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index for Remote Quantification of Biophysical Characteristics of Vegetation 2004
13 Glenn, E. P.; Nagler, P. L.; Huete, A. R. - Vegetation Index Methods for Estimating Evapotranspiration by Remote Sensing 2010
14 Glenn, Edward; Huete, Alfredo; Nagler, Pamela; Nelson, Stephen - Review - Relationship Between Remotely-sensed Vegetation Indices, Canopy Attributes and Plant Physiological Processes: What Vegetation Indices Can and Cannot Tell Us About the Landscape 2008
15 Gobron, N.; Pinty, B.; Verstraete, M. M.; Widlowski, J. L. - Advanced vegetation indices optimized for up-coming sensors: Design, performance, and applications 2000
16 Herrmann, I.; Pimstein, A.; Karnieli, A.; Cohen, Y.; Alchanatis, V.; Bonfil, D. J. - LAI assessment of wheat and potato crops by VENµS and Sentinel-2 bands 2011
17 Huete, A. R.; Hua, G.; Qi, J.; Chehbouni, A.; van Leeuwen, W. J. D. - Normalization of multidirectional red and NIR reflectances with the SAVI 1992
18 Huete, A. R.; Jackson, R. D. - Soil and atmosphere influences on the spectra of partial canopies 1988
19 Huete, A. R.; Liu, H. Q.; Batchily, K.; van Leeuwen, W. - A comparison of vegetation indices over a global set of TM images for EOS-MODIS 1997
20 Huete, A.; Didan, K.; Miura, T.; Rodriguez, E. P.; Gao, X.; Ferreira, L. G. - Overview of the radiometric and biophysical performance of the MODIS vegetation indices 2002
21 Hüttich, Christian; Gessner, Ursula; Herold, Martin; Strohbach, Ben; Schmidt, Michael; Keil, Manfred; Dech, Stefan - On the Suitability of MODIS Time Series Metrics to Map Vegetation Types in Dry Savanna Ecosystems: A Case Study in the Kalahari of NE Namibia 2009
22 Jackson, Ray D.; Huete, Alfredo R. - Interpreting vegetation indices 1991
23 Leprieur, C.; Kerr, Y. H.; Pichon, J. M. - Critical assessment of vegetation indices from AVHRR in a semi-arid environment 1996
24 Metternicht, G. - Vegetation indices derived from high-resolution airborne videography for precision crop management 2003
25 Moran, M. S.; Inoue, Y.; Barnes, E. M. - Opportunities and limitations for image-based remote sensing in precision crop management 1997
26 Moulin, S.; Bondeau, A.; Delecolle, R. - Combining agricultural crop models and satellite observations: from field to regional scales 1998
27 Penuelas, J.; Pinol, J.; Ogaya, R.; Filella, I. - Estimation of plant water concentration by the reflectance Water Index WI (R900/R970) 1997
28 Peñuelas, J.; Gamon, J. A.; Fredeen, A. L.; Merino, J.; Field, C. B. - Reflectance indices associated with physiological changes in nitrogen- and water-limited sunflower leaves 1994
29 Peñuelas, Josep; Gamon, John A.; Griffin, Kevin L.; Field, Christopher B. - Assessing community type, plant biomass, pigment composition, and photosynthetic efficiency of aquatic vegetation from spectral reflectance 1993
30 Pinder, J. E.; McLeod, K. W. - Indications of relative drought stress in longleaf pine from Thematic Mapper data 1999
31 Pinty, B.; Verstraete, M. M. - GEMI: a non-linear index to monitor global vegetation from satellites 1992
32 Ricotta, Carlo; Avena, Giancarlo; De Palma, Alessandra - Mapping and monitoring net primary productivity with AVHRR NDVI time-series: statistical equivalence of cumulative vegetation indices 1999
33 Schlerf, M.; Atzberger, C.; Hill, J. - Remote sensing of forest biophysical variables using HyMap imaging spectrometer data 2005
34 Shibayama, Michio; Salli, Arto; Häme, Tuomas; Iso-Iivari, Lasse; Heino, Saini; Alanen, Marjaana; Morinaga, Shinsuke; Inoue, Yoshio; Akiyama, Tsuyoshi - Detecting Phenophases of Subarctic Shrub Canopies by Using Automated Reflectance Measurements 1999
35 Smith, RCG; Adams, J; Stephens, DJ; Hick, PT - Forecasting wheat yield in a Mediterranean-type environment from the NOAA satellite 1995
36 Underwood, Emma; Ustin, Susan; DiPietro, Deanne - Mapping nonnative plants using hyperspectral imagery 2003
37 Wittich, K. P.; Hansing, O. - AREA-AVERAGED VEGETATIVE COVER FRACTION ESTIMATED FROM SATELLITE DATA 1995
38 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Miller J.R. - Land Cover Mapping at BOREAS using red edge spectral parameters from CASI imagery 1999
39 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. - REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS FOR DETECTING STRESS CONDITION AND LAND COVER CHANGES 2007

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Visualisation of Indices

Sensor:

Indices:

Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI

Aerosol free vegetation index 1600

Ashburn Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Difference 800/680

Difference 833/658

Differenced Vegetation Index MSS

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Ferric Oxides

Global Environment Monitoring Index

Global Vegetation Moisture Index

Gossan

Ideal vegetation index

Leaf Water Content Index

Log Ratio

Mid-infrared vegetation index

Modified Simple Ratio 670,800

Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper

Nonlinear vegetation index

Normalized Difference 750/650

Normalized Difference 750/660

Normalized Difference 750/680

Normalized Difference 774/677

Normalized Difference 782/666

Normalized Difference 790/670

Normalized Difference 800/635

Normalized Difference 800/650

Normalized Difference 800/675

Normalized Difference 800/680

Normalized Difference 819/1600

Normalized Difference 820/1600

Normalized Difference 827/668

Normalized Difference 833/658

Normalized Difference 860/1640

Normalized Difference 895/675

Normalized Difference 900/680

Normalized Difference MIR/NIR

Normalized Difference NIR/MIR

Normalized Difference NIR/Red

Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR

Normalized Difference Rededge/Red

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C

Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Perpendicular Vegetation Index

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4

RDVI

RDVI2

Reduced Simple Ratio

Reflectance at the inflexion point

Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index

SAVImir

Simple Ratio 1599/819

Simple Ratio 1600/820

Simple Ratio 605/760

Simple Ratio 678/750

Simple Ratio 774/677

Simple Ratio 800/600

Simple Ratio 800/635

Simple Ratio 800/650

Simple Ratio 800/670

Simple Ratio 800/675

Simple Ratio 800/680

Simple Ratio 801/670

Simple Ratio 833/658

Simple Ratio 900/680

Simple Ratio MIR/NIR

Simple Ratio MIR/Red

Simple Ratio MIR/SWIR

Simple Ratio NIR/MIR

Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Simple Ratio Red/NIR

Simple Ratio Rededge/Red

Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR

Single Band 1020

Single Band 1040

Single Band 1580

Single Band 635

Single Band 640

Single Band 655

Single Band 660

Single Band 670

Single Band 675

Single Band 680

Single Band 735

Single Band 801

Single Band 850

Single Band 885

Single Band 910

Single Band 930

Single Band 970

Single Band 990

Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3

Soil Background Line

Soil Composition Index

Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2

Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index

SQRT(IR/R)

Transformed NDVI

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2

Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index

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