Sensor: SPOT 1-3

SPOT 1-3

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Basic information

Name SPOT 1-3
Full Name Système Probatoire d’Observation de la Terre, später: Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre
Bands 4
Spectrum [nm] 500-890
Spat.Res. [m] 10-20
Inclination 0
Orbit Height 822
Orbit Type
Platform SPOT
Operator
Date of Launch 1968-02-22
status
Comment Stereo capability, SPOT 2 not active since June 2009
Usable for Indices yes
Description

Bands/Channels

Bands
zoom Bands

Nr. Name Start WL Middle WL End WL Sp.Rg. Spat. Res. Comment
1 panchromatic 500 615 730 230 10
2 green 500 545 590 90 20
3 red 610 645 680 70 20
4 near infrared 780 835 890 110 20

Indices

Nr. Name Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI 1.22 ( near_infrared - 1.22 red - 0.03 ) near_infrared - 1.22 red - 0.03 Automatic
2 Ashburn Vegetation Index 2.0 near_infrared - red Automatic
3 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 -0.18 + 1.17 ( ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
4 Chlorophyll Green near_infrared green green Automatic
5 Chlorophyll Index Green near_infrared green - 1 Automatic
6 Chlorophyll vegetation index near_infrared red green2 Automatic
7 Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green ) ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green Automatic
8 Difference 678/500 red - green Automatic
9 Difference 800/550 near_infrared - green Automatic
10 Difference 800/680 near_infrared - red Automatic
11 Difference 833/658 near_infrared - red Automatic
12 Difference NIR/Green near_infrared - green Automatic
13 Differenced Vegetation Index MSS 2.4 near_infrared - red Automatic
14 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
15 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.4 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
16 Ferric iron, Fe3+ red green Automatic
17 Global Environment Monitoring Index ( ( 2 ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) 2 · ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) ( 2 ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) 2 · ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 Automatic
18 Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
19 Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
20 Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
21 Green-Red NDVI ( near_infrared - ( green + red ) green + red ) near_infrared - ( green + red ) green + red Automatic
22 Ideal vegetation index ( near_infrared - b ) near_infrared - b Automatic
23 Infrared percentage vegetation index near_infrared near_infrared + red + red near_infrared + red + red Automatic
24 Inverse reflectance 550 green ( -1 ) -1 Automatic
25 Log Ratio log ( near_infrared red ) red Automatic
26 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1 1.2 ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
27 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 2 ( 1.5 ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 1.5 · ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
28 Modified Simple Ratio 670,800 near_infrared red - 1 red - 1 Automatic
29 Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED near_infrared red red red Automatic
30 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 2 near_infrared + 1 - ( 2 near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 · near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 - ( 2 near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 · near_infrared + 1 Automatic
31 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper ( 0.5 ) 0.5 Automatic
32 Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 1 1.2 ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
33 Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 2 ( 1.5 ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.5 · ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
34 Nonlinear vegetation index ( near_infrared2 - red ) near_infrared2 - red Automatic
35 Norm G green near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
36 Norm NIR near_infrared near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
37 Norm R red near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
38 Normalized Difference 550/650 ( green - red ) green - red Automatic
39 Normalized Difference 780/550 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
40 Normalized Difference 782/666 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
41 Normalized Difference 790/670 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
42 Normalized Difference 800/500 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
43 Normalized Difference 800/550 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
44 Normalized Difference 800/635 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
45 Normalized Difference 800/650 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
46 Normalized Difference 800/675 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
47 Normalized Difference 800/680 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
48 Normalized Difference 827/668 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
49 Normalized Difference 833/658 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
50 Normalized Difference Green/Red ( green - red ) green - red Automatic
51 Normalized Difference NIR/Green ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
52 Normalized Difference NIR/Red ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
53 Normalized Difference Red/Green ( red - green ) red - green Automatic
54 Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 1 + 0.16 ) 1 + 0.16 Automatic
55 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3 red near_infrared near_infrared Automatic
56 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4 red near_infrared near_infrared Automatic
57 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C3 near_infrared green green Automatic
58 RDVI ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
59 RDVI2 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
60 Reflectance at the inflexion point ( red + near_infrared ) red + near_infrared Automatic
61 Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
62 Simple Ratio 520/670 green red Automatic
63 Simple Ratio 550/670 green red Automatic
64 Simple Ratio 550/680 green red Automatic
65 Simple Ratio 550/800 green near_infrared Automatic
66 Simple Ratio 554/677 green red Automatic
67 Simple Ratio 560/658 green red Automatic
68 Simple Ratio 672/550 red green Automatic
69 Simple Ratio 674/553 red green Automatic
70 Simple Ratio 675/555 red green Automatic
71 Simple Ratio 800/500 near_infrared green Automatic
72 Simple Ratio 800/550 near_infrared green Automatic
73 Simple Ratio 800/635 near_infrared red Automatic
74 Simple Ratio 800/650 near_infrared red Automatic
75 Simple Ratio 800/670 near_infrared red Automatic
76 Simple Ratio 800/675 near_infrared red Automatic
77 Simple Ratio 800/680 near_infrared red Automatic
78 Simple Ratio 801/550 near_infrared green Automatic
79 Simple Ratio 801/670 near_infrared red Automatic
80 Simple Ratio 810/560 near_infrared green Automatic
81 Simple Ratio 833/658 near_infrared red Automatic
82 Simple Ratio 860/550 near_infrared green Automatic
83 Simple Ratio NIR/G near_infrared green Automatic
84 Simple Ratio NIR/RED near_infrared red Automatic
85 Simple Ratio Red/Green red green Automatic
86 Simple Ratio Red/NIR red near_infrared Automatic
87 Single Band 550 green Automatic
88 Single Band 555 green Automatic
89 Single Band 635 red Automatic
90 Single Band 640 red Automatic
91 Single Band 655 red Automatic
92 Single Band 660 red Automatic
93 Single Band 670 red Automatic
94 Single Band 675 red Automatic
95 Single Band 680 red Automatic
96 Single Band 801 near_infrared Automatic
97 Single Band 850 near_infrared Automatic
98 Single Band 885 near_infrared Automatic
99 Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
100 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index ( 1 + L ) 1 + L Automatic
101 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3 ( 1 + 0 ,5 ) 1 + 0 ,5 Automatic
102 Soil Background Line near_infrared - 2.4 red Automatic
103 Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2 near_infrared red + b a + b a Automatic
104 Spectral Polygon Vegetation Index 0.4 ( 3.7 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 3.7 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
105 SQRT(IR/R) near_infrared red red Automatic
106 Transformed NDVI ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red - red Automatic
107 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( B ( near_infrared - B · red - A ) near_infrared - B · red - A ) B ( near_infrared - B · red - A ) near_infrared - B · red - A Automatic
108 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 ( a · near_infrared - a · red - b ) a · near_infrared - a · red - b Automatic
109 Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green ) ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green - green Automatic
110 Weighted Difference Vegetation Index near_infrared - a · red Automatic
111 Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index ( 0.1 near_infrared - red ) 0.1 · near_infrared - red Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name
1 Agriculture
2 Agriculture - Crop parameters
3 Agriculture - Crop yield
4 Agriculture - Land management
5 Agriculture - Precision Crop Management
6 Forestry
7 Forestry - Boreal
8 Metal
9 Metal - Heavy metal contamination
10 Metal - Iron
11 Soil
12 Vegetation
13 Vegetation - Biomass
14 Vegetation - Cellulose
15 Vegetation - Chlorophyll
16 Vegetation - LAI
17 Vegetation - Lignin
18 Vegetation - PAR
19 Vegetation - Starch
20 Vegetation - Stress
21 Vegetation - Vitality
22 Vegetation - Water
23 Vegetation - Water stress

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
1 Bastiaanssen, Wim G. M.; Molden, David J.; Makin, Ian W. - Remote sensing for irrigated agriculture: examples from research and possible applications 2000
2 Ceccato, Pietro; Flasse, Stéphane; Tarantola, Stefano; Jacquemoud, Stéphane; Grégoire, Jean-Marie - Detecting vegetation leaf water content using reflectance in the optical domain 2001
3 Ceccato, Pietro; Gobron, Nadine; Flasse, Stéphane; Pinty, Bernard; Tarantola, Stefano - Designing a spectral index to estimate vegetation water content from remote sensing data: Part 1: Theoretical approach 2002
4 Dorigo, W. A.; Zurita-Milla, R.; de Wit, A. J. W.; Brazile, J.; Singh, R.; Schaepman, M. E. - A review on reflective remote sensing and data assimilation techniques for enhanced agroecosystem modeling 2007
5 Duveiller, Grégory; Weiss, Marie; Baret, Frédéric; Defourny, Pierre - Retrieving wheat Green Area Index during the growing season from optical time series measurements based on neural network radiative transfer inversion 2011
6 Guyot, G.; Baret, F.; Major, D. J. - High spectral resolution: Determination of specral shifts between the red and the near infrared 1988
7 Hecker, Jeanna Hyde - Investigation of the Relationship between Chlorophyll Concentration and High Spectral Resolution Data of Phragmites australis in Heavy Metal Contaminated Sites 2003
8 Huete, A. R.; Hua, G.; Qi, J.; Chehbouni, A.; van Leeuwen, W. J. D. - Normalization of multidirectional red and NIR reflectances with the SAVI 1992
9 Jackson, Ray D.; Huete, Alfredo R. - Interpreting vegetation indices 1991
10 Major, D. J.; Baret, F.; Guyot, G. - A ratio vegetation index adjusted for soil brightness 1990
11 Malthus, Tim J.; Andrieu, Bruno; Danson, F. Mark; Jaggard, Keith W.; Steven, Michael D. - Candidate high spectral resolution infrared indices for crop cover 1993
12 Metternicht, G. - Vegetation indices derived from high-resolution airborne videography for precision crop management 2003
13 Moran, M. S.; Inoue, Y.; Barnes, E. M. - Opportunities and limitations for image-based remote sensing in precision crop management 1997
14 Moulin, S.; Bondeau, A.; Delecolle, R. - Combining agricultural crop models and satellite observations: from field to regional scales 1998
15 Qi, J.; Chehbouni, A.; Huete, A. R.; Kerr, Y. H.; Sorooshian, S. - A modified soil adjusted vegetation index 1994
16 Richter, K.; Atzberger, C.; Vuolo, F.; Weihs, P.; D’Urso, G. - Experimental assessment of the Sentinel-2 band setting for RTM-based LAI retrieval of sugar beet and maize 2009
17 Rondeaux, Geneviève; Steven, Michael; Baret, Frédéric - Optimization of soil-adjusted vegetation indices 1996
18 Thenkabail, P. S.; Smith, R. B.; De Pauw, E. - Evaluation of narrowband and broadband vegetation indices for determining optimal hyperspectral wavebands for agricultural crop characterization 2002
19 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. - REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS FOR DETECTING STRESS CONDITION AND LAND COVER CHANGES 2007

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Visualisation of Indices

Sensor:

Indices:

Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI

Ashburn Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Chlorophyll Green

Chlorophyll Index Green

Chlorophyll vegetation index

Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index

Difference 678/500

Difference 800/550

Difference 800/680

Difference 833/658

Difference NIR/Green

Differenced Vegetation Index MSS

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Ferric iron, Fe3+

Global Environment Monitoring Index

Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green-Red NDVI

Ideal vegetation index

Infrared percentage vegetation index

Inverse reflectance 550

Log Ratio

Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1

Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 2

Modified Simple Ratio 670,800

Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper

Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 1

Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 2

Nonlinear vegetation index

Norm G

Norm NIR

Norm R

Normalized Difference 550/650

Normalized Difference 780/550

Normalized Difference 782/666

Normalized Difference 790/670

Normalized Difference 800/500

Normalized Difference 800/550

Normalized Difference 800/635

Normalized Difference 800/650

Normalized Difference 800/675

Normalized Difference 800/680

Normalized Difference 827/668

Normalized Difference 833/658

Normalized Difference Green/Red

Normalized Difference NIR/Green

Normalized Difference NIR/Red

Normalized Difference Red/Green

Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C3

RDVI

RDVI2

Reflectance at the inflexion point

Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index

Simple Ratio 520/670

Simple Ratio 550/670

Simple Ratio 550/680

Simple Ratio 550/800

Simple Ratio 554/677

Simple Ratio 560/658

Simple Ratio 672/550

Simple Ratio 674/553

Simple Ratio 675/555

Simple Ratio 800/500

Simple Ratio 800/550

Simple Ratio 800/635

Simple Ratio 800/650

Simple Ratio 800/670

Simple Ratio 800/675

Simple Ratio 800/680

Simple Ratio 801/550

Simple Ratio 801/670

Simple Ratio 810/560

Simple Ratio 833/658

Simple Ratio 860/550

Simple Ratio NIR/G

Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Simple Ratio Red/Green

Simple Ratio Red/NIR

Single Band 550

Single Band 555

Single Band 635

Single Band 640

Single Band 655

Single Band 660

Single Band 670

Single Band 675

Single Band 680

Single Band 801

Single Band 850

Single Band 885

Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3

Soil Background Line

Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2

Spectral Polygon Vegetation Index

SQRT(IR/R)

Transformed NDVI

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2

Transformed Vegetation Index

Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index

List of Sensors