Sensor: SPOT 5

SPOT 5

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Basic information

Name SPOT 5
Full Name Système Probatoire d’Observation de la Terre, später: Satellite Pour l’Observation de la Terre
Bands 5
Spectrum [nm] 480-1750
Spat.Res. [m] 2.5-20
Inclination 98.7
Orbit Height 832
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous circular polar
Platform SPOT
Operator CNES (Centre National d'Etudes Spatiales)
Date of Launch 2002-05-04
status Operating nominally in 2012
Comment Stereo capability
Usable for Indices yes
Description

Bands/Channels

Bands
zoom Bands

Nr. Name Start WL Middle WL End WL Sp.Rg. Spat. Res. Comment
1 panchromatic 480 595 710 230 2.5 Resolution 2.5 or 5
2 green 500 545 590 90 10
3 red 610 645 680 70 10
4 near infrared 780 835 890 110 10
5 shortwave infrared 1580 1665 1750 170 20

Indices

Nr. Name Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI 1.22 ( near_infrared - 1.22 red - 0.03 ) near_infrared - 1.22 red - 0.03 Automatic
2 Aerosol free vegetation index 1600 ( near_infrared - 0.66 shortwave_infrared near_infrared + 0.66 shortwave_infrared + 0.66 shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - 0.66 shortwave_infrared near_infrared + 0.66 shortwave_infrared + 0.66 shortwave_infrared Automatic
3 Ashburn Vegetation Index 2.0 near_infrared - red Automatic
4 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 -0.18 + 1.17 ( ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
5 Chlorophyll Green near_infrared green green Automatic
6 Chlorophyll Index Green near_infrared green - 1 Automatic
7 Chlorophyll vegetation index near_infrared red green2 Automatic
8 Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green ) ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green Automatic
9 Difference 678/500 red - green Automatic
10 Difference 800/550 near_infrared - green Automatic
11 Difference 800/680 near_infrared - red Automatic
12 Difference 833/658 near_infrared - red Automatic
13 Difference NIR/Green near_infrared - green Automatic
14 Differenced Vegetation Index MSS 2.4 near_infrared - red Automatic
15 Disease-Water Stress Index 5 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
16 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
17 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.4 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
18 Ferric iron, Fe3+ red green Automatic
19 Ferric Oxides shortwave_infrared near_infrared Automatic
20 Global Environment Monitoring Index ( ( 2 ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) 2 · ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) ( 2 ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 ) 2 · ( near_infrared2 - red2 ) near_infrared2 - red2 Automatic
21 Global Vegetation Moisture Index ( ( near_infrared + 0.1 ) near_infrared + 0.1 ) ( near_infrared + 0.1 ) near_infrared + 0.1 Automatic
22 Gossan shortwave_infrared red Automatic
23 Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
24 Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
25 Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
26 Green-Red NDVI ( near_infrared - ( green + red ) green + red ) near_infrared - ( green + red ) green + red Automatic
27 Ideal vegetation index ( near_infrared - b ) near_infrared - b Automatic
28 Infrared percentage vegetation index near_infrared near_infrared + red + red near_infrared + red + red Automatic
29 Inverse reflectance 550 green ( -1 ) -1 Automatic
30 Leaf Water Content Index log ( 1 - ( near_infrared - MIDIR ) near_infrared - MIDIR ) - ( near_infrared - MIDIR ) near_infrared - MIDIR Automatic
31 Log Ratio log ( near_infrared red ) red Automatic
32 Mid-infrared vegetation index near_infrared shortwave_infrared Automatic
33 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1 1.2 ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
34 Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 2 ( 1.5 ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 1.5 · ( 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 2.5 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
35 Modified Simple Ratio 670,800 near_infrared red - 1 red - 1 Automatic
36 Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED near_infrared red red red Automatic
37 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 2 near_infrared + 1 - ( 2 near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 · near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 - ( 2 near_infrared + 1 ) 2 · near_infrared + 1 · near_infrared + 1 Automatic
38 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper ( 0.5 ) 0.5 Automatic
39 Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 1 1.2 ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
40 Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 2 ( 1.5 ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.5 · ( 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green ) 1.2 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
41 Nonlinear vegetation index ( near_infrared2 - red ) near_infrared2 - red Automatic
42 Norm G green near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
43 Norm NIR near_infrared near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
44 Norm R red near_infrared + red + green + red + green Automatic
45 Normalized Difference 550/650 ( green - red ) green - red Automatic
46 Normalized Difference 780/550 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
47 Normalized Difference 782/666 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
48 Normalized Difference 790/670 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
49 Normalized Difference 800/1675 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
50 Normalized Difference 800/500 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
51 Normalized Difference 800/550 ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
52 Normalized Difference 800/635 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
53 Normalized Difference 800/650 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
54 Normalized Difference 800/675 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
55 Normalized Difference 800/680 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
56 Normalized Difference 819/1600 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
57 Normalized Difference 819/1649 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
58 Normalized Difference 820/1600 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
59 Normalized Difference 827/668 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
60 Normalized Difference 833/1649 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
61 Normalized Difference 833/658 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
62 Normalized Difference 860/1640 ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
63 Normalized Difference Green/Red ( green - red ) green - red Automatic
64 Normalized Difference MIR/NIR ( shortwave_infrared - near_infrared ) shortwave_infrared - near_infrared Automatic
65 Normalized Difference NIR/Green ( near_infrared - green ) near_infrared - green Automatic
66 Normalized Difference NIR/MIR ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
67 Normalized Difference NIR/Red ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
68 Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
69 Normalized Difference Red/Green ( red - green ) red - green Automatic
70 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
71 Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( 1 + 0.16 ) 1 + 0.16 Automatic
72 Perpendicular Vegetation Index 1 a2 + 1 2 + 1 a2 + 1 2 + 1 Automatic
73 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3 red near_infrared near_infrared Automatic
74 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4 red near_infrared near_infrared Automatic
75 Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C3 near_infrared green green Automatic
76 RDVI ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
77 RDVI2 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
78 Reduced Simple Ratio near_infrared red · MIRmax - shortwave_infrared MIRmax - MIRmin Automatic
79 Reflectance at the inflexion point ( red + near_infrared ) red + near_infrared Automatic
80 Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
81 SAVImir ( near_infrared - shortwave_infrared ) near_infrared - shortwave_infrared Automatic
82 Simple Ratio 1599/819 shortwave_infrared near_infrared Automatic
83 Simple Ratio 1600/820 shortwave_infrared near_infrared Automatic
84 Simple Ratio 1660/550 shortwave_infrared green Automatic
85 Simple Ratio 1660/680 shortwave_infrared red Automatic
86 Simple Ratio 520/670 green red Automatic
87 Simple Ratio 550/670 green red Automatic
88 Simple Ratio 550/680 green red Automatic
89 Simple Ratio 550/800 green near_infrared Automatic
90 Simple Ratio 554/677 green red Automatic
91 Simple Ratio 560/658 green red Automatic
92 Simple Ratio 672/550 red green Automatic
93 Simple Ratio 674/553 red green Automatic
94 Simple Ratio 675/555 red green Automatic
95 Simple Ratio 800/1660 near_infrared shortwave_infrared Automatic
96 Simple Ratio 800/1675 near_infrared shortwave_infrared Automatic
97 Simple Ratio 800/500 near_infrared green Automatic
98 Simple Ratio 800/550 near_infrared green Automatic
99 Simple Ratio 800/635 near_infrared red Automatic
100 Simple Ratio 800/650 near_infrared red Automatic
101 Simple Ratio 800/670 near_infrared red Automatic
102 Simple Ratio 800/675 near_infrared red Automatic
103 Simple Ratio 800/680 near_infrared red Automatic
104 Simple Ratio 801/550 near_infrared green Automatic
105 Simple Ratio 801/670 near_infrared red Automatic
106 Simple Ratio 810/560 near_infrared green Automatic
107 Simple Ratio 833/1649 near_infrared shortwave_infrared Automatic
108 Simple Ratio 833/658 near_infrared red Automatic
109 Simple Ratio 860/550 near_infrared green Automatic
110 Simple Ratio MIR/NIR shortwave_infrared near_infrared Automatic
111 Simple Ratio MIR/Red shortwave_infrared red Automatic
112 Simple Ratio NIR/G near_infrared green Automatic
113 Simple Ratio NIR/MIR near_infrared shortwave_infrared Automatic
114 Simple Ratio NIR/RED near_infrared red Automatic
115 Simple Ratio Red/Green red green Automatic
116 Simple Ratio Red/NIR red near_infrared Automatic
117 Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR SWIRI near_infrared Automatic
118 Single Band 1580 shortwave_infrared Automatic
119 Single Band 1690 shortwave_infrared Automatic
120 Single Band 550 green Automatic
121 Single Band 555 green Automatic
122 Single Band 635 red Automatic
123 Single Band 640 red Automatic
124 Single Band 655 red Automatic
125 Single Band 660 red Automatic
126 Single Band 670 red Automatic
127 Single Band 675 red Automatic
128 Single Band 680 red Automatic
129 Single Band 801 near_infrared Automatic
130 Single Band 850 near_infrared Automatic
131 Single Band 885 near_infrared Automatic
132 Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
133 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index ( 1 + L ) 1 + L Automatic
134 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3 ( 1 + 0 ,5 ) 1 + 0 ,5 Automatic
135 Soil Background Line near_infrared - 2.4 red Automatic
136 Soil Composition Index ( shortwave_infrared - near_infrared ) shortwave_infrared - near_infrared Automatic
137 Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2 near_infrared red + b a + b a Automatic
138 Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index near_infrared red + shortwave_infrared + shortwave_infrared Automatic
139 Spectral Polygon Vegetation Index 0.4 ( 3.7 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red ) 3.7 ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red Automatic
140 SQRT(IR/R) near_infrared red red Automatic
141 Transformed NDVI ( near_infrared - red ) near_infrared - red - red Automatic
142 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index ( B ( near_infrared - B · red - A ) near_infrared - B · red - A ) B ( near_infrared - B · red - A ) near_infrared - B · red - A Automatic
143 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 ( a · near_infrared - a · red - b ) a · near_infrared - a · red - b Automatic
144 Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green ) ( ( red - green ) red - green ) ( red - green ) red - green - green Automatic
145 Weighted Difference Vegetation Index near_infrared - a · red Automatic
146 Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index ( 0.1 near_infrared - red ) 0.1 · near_infrared - red Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name
1 Agriculture
2 Agriculture - Crop parameters
3 Agriculture - Crop yield
4 Agriculture - Land management
5 Agriculture - Precision Crop Management
6 Fire
7 Forestry
8 Forestry - Boreal
9 Geology
10 Metal
11 Metal - Heavy metal contamination
12 Metal - Iron
13 Soil
14 Vegetation
15 Vegetation - Biomass
16 Vegetation - Cellulose
17 Vegetation - Chlorophyll
18 Vegetation - LAI
19 Vegetation - Lignin
20 Vegetation - Nitrogen content
21 Vegetation - PAR
22 Vegetation - Protein
23 Vegetation - Starch
24 Vegetation - Stress
25 Vegetation - Sugar
26 Vegetation - Vitality
27 Vegetation - Water
28 Vegetation - Water stress

References

Nr. Author/Title Year Comment
1 Bastiaanssen, Wim G. M.; Molden, David J.; Makin, Ian W. - Remote sensing for irrigated agriculture: examples from research and possible applications 2000
2 Ceccato, Pietro; Flasse, Stéphane; Tarantola, Stefano; Jacquemoud, Stéphane; Grégoire, Jean-Marie - Detecting vegetation leaf water content using reflectance in the optical domain 2001
3 Ceccato, Pietro; Gobron, Nadine; Flasse, Stéphane; Pinty, Bernard; Tarantola, Stefano - Designing a spectral index to estimate vegetation water content from remote sensing data: Part 1: Theoretical approach 2002
4 Dorigo, W. A.; Zurita-Milla, R.; de Wit, A. J. W.; Brazile, J.; Singh, R.; Schaepman, M. E. - A review on reflective remote sensing and data assimilation techniques for enhanced agroecosystem modeling 2007
5 Duveiller, Grégory; Weiss, Marie; Baret, Frédéric; Defourny, Pierre - Retrieving wheat Green Area Index during the growing season from optical time series measurements based on neural network radiative transfer inversion 2011
6 Galvão, L. S.; Formaggio, A. R.; Tisot, D. A. - The influence of spectral resolution on discriminating Brazilian sugarcane varieties 2006
7 Garrigues, S.; Shabanov, N. V.; Swanson, K.; Morisette, J. T.; Baret, F.; Myneni, R. B. - Intercomparison and sensitivity analysis of Leaf Area Index retrievals from LAI-2000, AccuPAR, and digital hemispherical photography over croplands 2008
8 Guyot, G.; Baret, F.; Major, D. J. - High spectral resolution: Determination of specral shifts between the red and the near infrared 1988
9 Hecker, Jeanna Hyde - Investigation of the Relationship between Chlorophyll Concentration and High Spectral Resolution Data of Phragmites australis in Heavy Metal Contaminated Sites 2003
10 Huete, A. R.; Hua, G.; Qi, J.; Chehbouni, A.; van Leeuwen, W. J. D. - Normalization of multidirectional red and NIR reflectances with the SAVI 1992
11 Jackson, Ray D.; Huete, Alfredo R. - Interpreting vegetation indices 1991
12 Lee, W. S.; Alchanatis, V.; Yang, C.; Hirafuji, M.; Moshou, D.; Li, C. - Sensing technologies for precision specialty crop production 2010
13 Major, D. J.; Baret, F.; Guyot, G. - A ratio vegetation index adjusted for soil brightness 1990
14 Malthus, Tim J.; Andrieu, Bruno; Danson, F. Mark; Jaggard, Keith W.; Steven, Michael D. - Candidate high spectral resolution infrared indices for crop cover 1993
15 Metternicht, G. - Vegetation indices derived from high-resolution airborne videography for precision crop management 2003
16 Moulin, S.; Bondeau, A.; Delecolle, R. - Combining agricultural crop models and satellite observations: from field to regional scales 1998
17 Qi, J.; Chehbouni, A.; Huete, A. R.; Kerr, Y. H.; Sorooshian, S. - A modified soil adjusted vegetation index 1994
18 Richter, K.; Atzberger, C.; Vuolo, F.; Weihs, P.; D’Urso, G. - Experimental assessment of the Sentinel-2 band setting for RTM-based LAI retrieval of sugar beet and maize 2009
19 Rondeaux, Geneviève; Steven, Michael; Baret, Frédéric - Optimization of soil-adjusted vegetation indices 1996
20 Thenkabail, P. S.; Smith, R. B.; De Pauw, E. - Evaluation of narrowband and broadband vegetation indices for determining optimal hyperspectral wavebands for agricultural crop characterization 2002
21 Zarco-Tejada P.J.; Sepulcre-Cantó, G. - REMOTE SENSING OF VEGETATION BIOPHYSICAL PARAMETERS FOR DETECTING STRESS CONDITION AND LAND COVER CHANGES 2007

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Visualisation of Indices

Sensor:

Indices:

Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI

Aerosol free vegetation index 1600

Ashburn Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Chlorophyll Green

Chlorophyll Index Green

Chlorophyll vegetation index

Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index

Difference 678/500

Difference 800/550

Difference 800/680

Difference 833/658

Difference NIR/Green

Differenced Vegetation Index MSS

Disease-Water Stress Index 5

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Ferric iron, Fe3+

Ferric Oxides

Global Environment Monitoring Index

Global Vegetation Moisture Index

Gossan

Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green-Red NDVI

Ideal vegetation index

Infrared percentage vegetation index

Inverse reflectance 550

Leaf Water Content Index

Log Ratio

Mid-infrared vegetation index

Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 1

Modified Chlorophyll Absorption in Reflectance Index 2

Modified Simple Ratio 670,800

Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index hyper

Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 1

Modified Triangular Vegetation Index 2

Nonlinear vegetation index

Norm G

Norm NIR

Norm R

Normalized Difference 550/650

Normalized Difference 780/550

Normalized Difference 782/666

Normalized Difference 790/670

Normalized Difference 800/1675

Normalized Difference 800/500

Normalized Difference 800/550

Normalized Difference 800/635

Normalized Difference 800/650

Normalized Difference 800/675

Normalized Difference 800/680

Normalized Difference 819/1600

Normalized Difference 819/1649

Normalized Difference 820/1600

Normalized Difference 827/668

Normalized Difference 833/1649

Normalized Difference 833/658

Normalized Difference 860/1640

Normalized Difference Green/Red

Normalized Difference MIR/NIR

Normalized Difference NIR/Green

Normalized Difference NIR/MIR

Normalized Difference NIR/Red

Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR

Normalized Difference Red/Green

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C

Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Perpendicular Vegetation Index

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A3

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra A4

Ratio Analysis of Reflectance Spectra C3

RDVI

RDVI2

Reduced Simple Ratio

Reflectance at the inflexion point

Renormalized Difference Vegetation Index

SAVImir

Simple Ratio 1599/819

Simple Ratio 1600/820

Simple Ratio 1660/550

Simple Ratio 1660/680

Simple Ratio 520/670

Simple Ratio 550/670

Simple Ratio 550/680

Simple Ratio 550/800

Simple Ratio 554/677

Simple Ratio 560/658

Simple Ratio 672/550

Simple Ratio 674/553

Simple Ratio 675/555

Simple Ratio 800/1660

Simple Ratio 800/1675

Simple Ratio 800/500

Simple Ratio 800/550

Simple Ratio 800/635

Simple Ratio 800/650

Simple Ratio 800/670

Simple Ratio 800/675

Simple Ratio 800/680

Simple Ratio 801/550

Simple Ratio 801/670

Simple Ratio 810/560

Simple Ratio 833/1649

Simple Ratio 833/658

Simple Ratio 860/550

Simple Ratio MIR/NIR

Simple Ratio MIR/Red

Simple Ratio NIR/G

Simple Ratio NIR/MIR

Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Simple Ratio Red/Green

Simple Ratio Red/NIR

Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR

Single Band 1580

Single Band 1690

Single Band 550

Single Band 555

Single Band 635

Single Band 640

Single Band 655

Single Band 660

Single Band 670

Single Band 675

Single Band 680

Single Band 801

Single Band 850

Single Band 885

Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 3

Soil Background Line

Soil Composition Index

Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2

Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index

Spectral Polygon Vegetation Index

SQRT(IR/R)

Transformed NDVI

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2

Transformed Vegetation Index

Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index

List of Sensors