Sensor: Landsat 8

Landsat 8

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Basic information

Name Landsat 8
Full Name
Bands 11
Spectrum [nm] 435-12510
Spat.Res. [m] 15-100
Inclination 98
Orbit Height 708
Orbit Type Sun-synchronous
Platform
Operator NASA / USGS
Date of Launch 2011-02-20
status operational
Comment
Usable for Indices yes
Description

Bands/Channels

Bands
zoom Bands

Nr. Name Start WL Middle WL End WL Sp.Rg. Spat. Res. Comment
1 Coastal 435 440 451 20 30
2 Blue 452 480 512 60 30
3 Green 533 560 590 60 30
4 Red 646 655 673 30 30
5 Near-Infrared 851 482.5 879 795 30
6 SWIR 1 1556 1610 1651 80 30
7 SWIR 2 2107 2200 2294 180 30
8 Panchromatic (PAN) 503 590 676 180 15
9 Cirrus 1363 1370 1384 20 30
10 TIRS 1 10600 10895 11190 590 100
11 TIRS 2 11500 12005 12510 1010 100

Indices

Nr. Name Specific Formula Calculated Comment
1 Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI 1.22 Near_Infrared - 1.22 Red - 0.03 1.22 Near_Infrared + Red - 1.22 · 0.03 + 0.08 ( 1 + 1.222 ) Automatic
2 Aerosol free vegetation index 1600 ( Near_Infrared - 0.66 SWIR_1 Near_Infrared + 0.66 SWIR_1 ) Automatic
3 Alteration SWIR_1 SWIR_2 Automatic
4 Ashburn Vegetation Index 2.0 Near_Infrared - Red Automatic
5 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index Near_Infrared - Red - y ( Red - Blue ) Near_Infrared + Red - y ( Red - Bluel ) Manual
6 Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 -0.18 + 1.17 ( Near_Infrared - Red Near_Infrared + Red ) Automatic
7 Blue-wide dynamic range vegetation index 0.1 Near_Infrared - Blue 0.1 Near_Infrared + Blue Manual
8 Carbonate TIRS_1 TIRS_2 Automatic
9 Chlorophyll Index Green Near_Infrared Green - 1 Automatic
10 Chlorophyll vegetation index Near_Infrared Red Green2 Automatic
11 Coloration Index Red - Blue Red Manual
12 Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index ( Red - Green Red + Green ) + 0 ,5 | ( Red - Green Red + Green ) + 0 ,5| · | ( ( Red - Green Red + Green ) ) + 0 ,5| Automatic
13 CRI550 Blue ( -1 ) - Green ( -1 ) Automatic
14 Difference NIR/Green Near_Infrared - Green Automatic
15 Differenced Vegetation Index MSS 2.4 Near_Infrared - Red Automatic
16 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2.5 Near_Infrared - Red ( Near_Infrared + 6 Red - 7.5 Blue ) + 1 Manual
17 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.5 Near_Infrared - Red Near_Infrared + 2.4 Red + 1 Automatic
18 Enhanced Vegetation Index 2 2.4 Near_Infrared - Red Near_Infrared + Red + 1 Automatic
19 Ferric iron, Fe2+ SWIR_2 Near_Infrared + Green Red Automatic
20 Ferric iron, Fe3+ Red Green Automatic
21 Ferric Oxides SWIR_1 Near_Infrared Automatic
22 Ferrous iron SWIR_2 Near_Infrared + Green Red Automatic
23 Ferrous Silicates SWIR_2 SWIR_1 Automatic
24 Global Environment Monitoring Index ( 2 ( Near_Infrared2 - Red2 ) + 1.5 Near_Infrared + 0.5 Red Near_Infrared + Red + 0.5 ( 1 - 0.25 2 ( Near_Infrared2 - Red2 ) + 1.5 Near_Infrared + 0.5 Red Near_Infrared + Red + 0.5 ) - Red - 0.125 1 - Red ) Automatic
25 Global Vegetation Moisture Index ( Near_Infrared + 0.1 ) - ( SWIR_2 + 0.02 ) ( Near_Infrared + 0.1 ) + ( SWIR_2 + 0.02 ) Automatic
26 Gossan SWIR_1 Red Automatic
27 Green atmospherically resistant vegetation index Near_Infrared - ( Green - ( Blue - Red ) ) Near_Infrared - ( Green + ( Bluel - Red ) ) Manual
28 Green leaf index 2×Green–Red–Blue 2×Green + Red + Blue Manual
29 Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index Near_Infrared - Green Near_Infrared + Green Automatic
30 Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index Near_Infrared - Green Near_Infrared + Green + Y Automatic
31 Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index Near_Infrared - Green Near_Infrared + Green + L ( 1 + L ) Automatic
32 Green-Blue NDVI Near_Infrared - ( Green + Blue ) Near_Infrared + ( Green + Blue ) Manual
33 Green-Red NDVI Near_Infrared - ( Green + Red ) Near_Infrared + ( Green + Red ) Automatic
34 Hue arctan ( 2 Red - Green - Blue 30.5 ( Green - Blue ) ) Manual
35 Ideal vegetation index Near_Infrared - b a · Red Automatic
36 Infrared percentage vegetation index Near_Infrared Near_Infrared + Red 2 ( ( Red - Green Red + Green ) + 1 ) Automatic
37 Intensity ( 1 30.5 ) ( Red + Green + Blue ) Manual
38 Inverse reflectance 550 Green ( -1 ) Automatic
39 Laterite SWIR_1 SWIR_2 Automatic
40 Leaf Water Content Index log ( 1 - ( Near_Infrared - MIDIR ) ) - log ( 1 - ( Near_Infrared - MIDIR ) ) Automatic
41 Log Ratio log ( Near_Infrared Red ) Automatic
42 mCRIG ( Blue ( -1 ) - Green ( -1 ) ) · Near_Infrared Automatic
43 Mid-infrared vegetation index Near_Infrared SWIR_1 Automatic
44 Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED ( Near_Infrared Red ) - 1 ( Near_Infrared Red ) + 1 Automatic
45 Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 Near_Infrared + 1 - ( 2 Near_Infrared + 1 ) 2 - 8 ( Near_Infrared - Red ) 2 Automatic
46 Nonlinear vegetation index Near_Infrared2 - Red Near_Infrared2 + Red Automatic
47 Norm G Green Near_Infrared + Red + Green Automatic
48 Norm NIR Near_Infrared Near_Infrared + Red + Green Automatic
49 Norm R Red Near_Infrared + Red + Green Automatic
50 Normalized Difference 550/450 Green - Blue Green + Blue Manual
51 Normalized Difference 550/650 Green - Red Green + Red Automatic
52 Normalized Difference 860/1640 Near_Infrared - SWIR_1 Near_Infrared + SWIR_1 Automatic
53 Normalized Difference Green/Red Green - Red Green + Red Automatic
54 Normalized Difference NIR/Blue Near_Infrared - Blue Near_Infrared + Blue Manual
55 Normalized Difference NIR/Green Near_Infrared - Green Near_Infrared + Green Automatic
56 Normalized Difference NIR/MIR Near_Infrared - SWIR_2 Near_Infrared + SWIR_2 Automatic
57 Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR Near_Infrared - SWIR_2 Near_Infrared + SWIR_2 Automatic
58 Normalized Difference Red/Green Red - Green Red + Green Automatic
59 Normalized Difference Salinity Index SWIR_1 - SWIR_2 SWIR_1 + SWIR_2 Automatic
60 Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C Near_Infrared - Red Near_Infrared + Red ( 1 - SWIR_2 - SWIIRmin SWIRmax - SWIRmin ) Automatic
61 Pan NDVI Near_Infrared - ( Green + Red + Blue ) Near_Infrared + ( Green + Red + Blue ) Manual
62 Perpendicular Vegetation Index ( 1 a2 + 1 ) ( Near_Infrared - ar - b ) Automatic
63 Red-Blue NDVI Near_Infrared - ( Red + Blue ) Near_Infrared + ( Red + Blue ) Manual
64 Reduced Simple Ratio Near_Infrared Red · MIRmax - SWIR_2 MIRmax - MIRmin Automatic
65 SAVImir ( Near_Infrared - SWIR_2 ) 1 + L Near_Infrared + SWIR_2 + L Automatic
66 Shape Index 2 Red - Green - Blue Green - Bluel Manual
67 Simple Ratio 1650/2218 SWIR_1 SWIR_2 Automatic
68 Simple Ratio 450/550 Coastal Green Automatic
69 Simple Ratio 550/670 Green Red Automatic
70 Simple Ratio 560/658 Green Red Automatic
71 Simple Ratio 860/550 Near_Infrared Green Automatic
72 Simple Ratio MIR/NIR SWIR_2 Near_Infrared Automatic
73 Simple Ratio MIR/Red SWIR_2 Red Automatic
74 Simple Ratio MIR/SWIR SWIR_2 SWIR_2 Automatic
75 Simple Ratio NIR/G Near_Infrared Green Automatic
76 Simple Ratio NIR/MIR Near_Infrared SWIR_2 Automatic
77 Simple Ratio NIR/RED Near_Infrared Red Automatic
78 Simple Ratio Red/Blue Red Coastal Manual
79 Simple Ratio Red/Green Red Green Automatic
80 Simple Ratio Red/NIR Red Near_Infrared Automatic
81 Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR SWIRI Near_Infrared Automatic
82 Single Band 1580 SWIR_1 Automatic
83 Single Band 2130 SWIR_2 Automatic
84 Single Band 2180 SWIR_2 Automatic
85 Single Band 2218 SWIR_2 Automatic
86 Single Band 2240 SWIR_2 Automatic
87 Single Band 2250 SWIR_2 Automatic
88 Single Band 2270 SWIR_2 Automatic
89 Single Band 2280 SWIR_2 Automatic
90 Single Band 460 Blue Automatic
91 Single Band 470 Blue Automatic
92 Single Band 495 Blue Automatic
93 Single Band 550 Green Automatic
94 Single Band 555 Green Automatic
95 Single Band 640 Red Automatic
96 Single Band 655 Red Automatic
97 Single Band 660 Red Automatic
98 Single Band 670 Red Automatic
99 Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2 2, 5 Near_Infrared - Red 1 + Near_Infrared + 6 Red - 7 , 5 Blue Manual
100 Soil Background Line Near_Infrared - 2.4 Red Automatic
101 Soil Composition Index SWIR_1 - Near_Infrared SWIR_1 + Near_Infrared Automatic
102 Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2 Near_Infrared Red + b a Automatic
103 Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index Near_Infrared Red + SWIR_2 Automatic
104 SQRT(IR/R) Near_Infrared Red Automatic
105 Tasselled Cap - brightness 0.3037 Blue + 0.2793 Green + 0.4743 Red + 0.5585 Near_Infrared + 0.5082 Cirrus + 0.1863 SWIR_2 Automatic
106 Tasselled Cap - vegetation -0.2848 Blue - 0.2435 Green - 0.5436 Red + 0.7243 Near_Infrared + 0.0840 SWIR_1 - 0.1800 SWIR_2 Automatic
107 Tasselled Cap - wetness 0.1509 Blue + 0.1973 Green + 0.3279 Red + 0.3406 Near_Infrared - 0.7112 SWIR_1 - 0.4572 SWIR_2 Automatic
108 Transformed NDVI Near_Infrared - Red Near_Infrared + Red + 0.5 Automatic
109 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index B ( Near_Infrared - B · Red - A ) Red + B ( Near_Infrared - A ) + X ( 1 + B2 ) Automatic
110 Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2 a · Near_Infrared - a · Red - b Red + a · Near_Infrared - a · b Automatic
111 Transformed Vegetation Index ( ( Red - Green Red + Green ) ) + 0 ,5 Automatic
112 Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index Green Green - Red Green + Red - Blue Automatic
113 Weighted Difference Vegetation Index Near_Infrared - a · Red Automatic
114 Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index 0.1 Near_Infrared - Red 0.1 Near_Infrared + Red Automatic

Applications

Nr. Name
1 Agriculture
2 Agriculture - Crop parameters
3 Fire
4 Forestry
5 Geology
6 Geology - Rock
7 Metal
8 Metal - Heavy metal contamination
9 Metal - Iron
10 Soil
11 Vegetation
12 Vegetation - Biomass
13 Vegetation - Cellulose
14 Vegetation - Chlorophyll
15 Vegetation - LAI
16 Vegetation - Lignin
17 Vegetation - Nitrogen content
18 Vegetation - Protein
19 Vegetation - Starch
20 Vegetation - Sugar
21 Vegetation - Vitality
22 Vegetation - Water
23 Vegetation - Water stress

References

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Visualisation of Indices

Sensor:

Indices:

Adjusted transformed soil-adjusted VI

Aerosol free vegetation index 1600

Alteration

Ashburn Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index

Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Blue-wide dynamic range vegetation index

Carbonate

Chlorophyll Index Green

Chlorophyll vegetation index

Coloration Index

Corrected Transformed Vegetation Index

CRI550

Difference NIR/Green

Differenced Vegetation Index MSS

Enhanced Vegetation Index

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Enhanced Vegetation Index 2

Ferric iron, Fe2+

Ferric iron, Fe3+

Ferric Oxides

Ferrous iron

Ferrous Silicates

Global Environment Monitoring Index

Global Vegetation Moisture Index

Gossan

Green atmospherically resistant vegetation index

Green leaf index

Green Normalized Difference Vegetation Index

Green Optimized Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Green-Blue NDVI

Green-Red NDVI

Hue

Ideal vegetation index

Infrared percentage vegetation index

Intensity

Inverse reflectance 550

Laterite

Leaf Water Content Index

Log Ratio

mCRIG

Mid-infrared vegetation index

Modified Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Modified Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Nonlinear vegetation index

Norm G

Norm NIR

Norm R

Normalized Difference 550/450

Normalized Difference 550/650

Normalized Difference 860/1640

Normalized Difference Green/Red

Normalized Difference NIR/Blue

Normalized Difference NIR/Green

Normalized Difference NIR/MIR

Normalized Difference NIR/SWIR

Normalized Difference Red/Green

Normalized Difference Salinity Index

Normalized Difference Vegetation Index C

Pan NDVI

Perpendicular Vegetation Index

Red-Blue NDVI

Reduced Simple Ratio

SAVImir

Shape Index

Simple Ratio 1650/2218

Simple Ratio 450/550

Simple Ratio 550/670

Simple Ratio 560/658

Simple Ratio 860/550

Simple Ratio MIR/NIR

Simple Ratio MIR/Red

Simple Ratio MIR/SWIR

Simple Ratio NIR/G

Simple Ratio NIR/MIR

Simple Ratio NIR/RED

Simple Ratio Red/Blue

Simple Ratio Red/Green

Simple Ratio Red/NIR

Simple Ratio SWIRI/NIR

Single Band 1580

Single Band 2130

Single Band 2180

Single Band 2218

Single Band 2240

Single Band 2250

Single Band 2270

Single Band 2280

Single Band 460

Single Band 470

Single Band 495

Single Band 550

Single Band 555

Single Band 640

Single Band 655

Single Band 660

Single Band 670

Soil and Atmospherically Resistant Vegetation Index 2

Soil Background Line

Soil Composition Index

Soil-adjusted vegetation index 2

Specific Leaf Area Vegetation Index

SQRT(IR/R)

Tasselled Cap - brightness

Tasselled Cap - vegetation

Tasselled Cap - wetness

Transformed NDVI

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index

Transformed Soil Adjusted Vegetation Index 2

Transformed Vegetation Index

Visible Atmospherically Resistant Index Green

Weighted Difference Vegetation Index

Wide Dynamic Range Vegetation Index

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